melodic minor scale formula


melodic minor scale formula

Also, most of the time when we refer to a ‘minor' scale we're generally referring to the natural minor. Click here to see how your donation will help the site. This scale is essentially a diatonic major scale with a lowered third, for example C–D–E ♭ –F–G–A–B–C. So, the key of A melodic minor will have: Ascending:   1 2 b3 4 5 6 7:  A B C D E F# G#. The classical version is not covered on this site as it's only really used for harmonic analysis of classical music which isn't covered here! You could use the C Melodic Minor Scale to improvise over any or all of these chords! The B Melodic Minor scale consists of seven notes. For some pieces you may want to stick with one scale and its endemic modes/positions, but for most musically intensive compositions, switching scales and modes is not only a common thing to do, it is generally encouraged and might sound a bit odd if you don’t change scales/tonal centers over the course of a piece. One thing that has helped me is to think of scales like we think of chords: often and almost always changing. There is another way to discover the natural minor scale. 3 – Write down and play a C major scale, vertical approach (played across multiple strings) 4 – Build a pentatonic minor scale on a single string. The "A" natural minor scale uses only the white keys: A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. The interval formula for a natural minor scale is as follows: The natural minor scale has a constant relationship with a specific major scale and that relationship will be studied in detail next week. Descending: b7 b6 5 4 b3 2 1: G F E D C B A. The Melodic Minor scales in musical notes are available in the member area. Its use was extremely common during the Baroque and Classical eras and the melodic minor scale is also extremely useful in comtemporary jazz. The scale in all keys can be downloaded as a PDF-file. If it had six, there would be a “gap” somewhere. There is another way to discover the natural minor scale. As an example, applying the natural minor in one verse, and the melodic minor the next time it occurs, can give a song just enough variation to become more interesting, yet not so much that the listener thinks of it as a different section of the song. The formula for a melodic minor scale is whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – whole step – whole step – half step. Phrygian Minor scale . The melodic minor scale is one of the most useful scales in jazz. Not computer generated. A leading tone is always the 7th step note of each scale Considering the augmented 6th and 7th steps, follow the steps below to build the 'A melodic minor' scale: When ascending, the melodic minor’s formula is: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7, and when descending, the melodic minor’s formula is the same as the natural minor’s formula: 7 b6 5 4 b3 2 1. The Solution below shows the Fb melodic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. The Melodic Minor scale, in traditional application, has a different formula when ascending and when descending. Where the harmonic minor retains the b6 (flat 6) of the natural minor scale, creating the sometimes unwanted, augmented 2nd, the melodic minor takes the 6 from the major scale, fixing this problem (if it is one). The melodic minor scale is one of the most useful scales in jazz. Study the first one starting on Bb. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. Melodic Minor The melodic minor is a bit… weird. Please leave a like :) Support me - buy me a cuppa! The scale formula for the Melodic Minor Scale must be memorised, as you will use it often to work out the notes or chords in the key. Listen in! The E Melodic Minor is one of three E Minor scales, the other two are E … The formula for the melodic minor scale is W, H, W, W, W, W, H (H means half which is 1 fret, W means whole so 2 frets). The ascending melodic minor scale built on A A great deal of modern jazz harmony arises from the modes of the ascending form of the melodic minor scale, also known as the jazz melodic minor scale. The melodic Major scale was used in Eastern European folk melodies, but was ignored by most classical composers. Welcome to episode 86 of the LJS Podcast where today we are talking about the modes of the melodic minor scale and how you can use them to improvise over 7 different chords. 4 – Build a pentatonic minor scale on a single string. 7 – Play a vertical E natural minor scale on the spot using your memorized minor scale formula. All the modes on this page have the A root, so you can hear the difference between the scales. The Solution below shows the A melodic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. In our example above using the F major scale, this means we will be lowering the A (the 3rd) to Ab, the D (the 6th) to Db, and the E (the 7th) to Eb. Essentially, the melodic minor is a combination of the minor scale and the major scale, much more so than the harmonic minor scale. If we want a set of notes that works well for building chords, our choices of scales are limited. The secret to understanding them is by paying attention to the first part of the scale. Scales you can use in the real world, created by a human guitarist. The scale formula for the Melodic Minor Scale must be memorised, as you will use it often to work out the notes or chords in the key. The Minor Scale Formula. This is because the natural minor scale is based on the major scale. In your mind, apply the whole and half step formula between each of … In the melodic minor scale, the 6th note is a half step higher. This is because the upper parts in both scales are the same. The melodic minor is used when ascending the scale, the natural minor is used when descending the scale. 5 – Memorize the whole-half step formulas for the major and natural minor scale. A melodic minor scale. The formula for a melodic minor scale is whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – whole step – whole step – half step. 5 – Memorize the whole-half step formulas for the major and natural minor scale. 6 – Play a vertical A major scale on the spot using your memorized major scale formula. The Lesson steps then describe how to identify the A melodic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names.. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Melodic minor scale. This is because the composers wanted to smooth out the leading tone, instead of leaping a whole step and half. The Solution below shows the A melodic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. Everytime that chord comes along again in a chord progression, we can apply a different scale for effect, or to accentuate/facilitate the direction the chord progression is headed. (W-H-W-W-W-W-H) The descending formula is the natural minor scale formula backwards. Any C minor scale (natural, harmonic, or melodic) is a relative minor scale of E♭ major Any C minor scale (natural, harmonic, or melodic) is a parallel minor scale of C major So far we have only worked with natural minor scales; they always follow the “W H W W H W W” formula. Don't forget the ∆ means Major, - means Minor, had to use shorthand here to fit the chord names in! Just as we get more and more skilled with writing nice chord progressions, we want to get just as skilled with our melodic writing as well. What's interesting about this scale is that it's different going up than it is coming down. The melodic minor scale is formed by using both of these solutions. W-H-W-W-W-W-H The descending formula is the natural minor scale formula backwards. In example #3 below, become familiar with the two formulas for the melodic minor scale. If it had eight, there would be an extra note, and extra half steps. T… Minor scales provide a darker, and often more complex sound than major scales. The difference between a melodic Major scale and a harmonic Major scale is that in the melodic Major scale we have 7th degrees lowered by a half tone. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 from the first note to the next octave. The melodic minor scale, as it's name implies, is used mainly in melodic lines. By altering these notes we also change the intervals which make up the scale. Formula: 1-b2-b3-4-5-b6-b7-8 (Emin7 or G7(b9)sus) The beginning note of this natural minor scale is "A". Powered by Create … Notice the same spacing between the notes for this scale on both the piano and guitar. The Melodic Minor scale, in traditional application, has a different formula when ascending and when descending. Oh scary isn’t it! Melodic Minor Bass Scale In Tab Form All Keys. It is important to note that in classical music, musicians will alter the melodic minor scale while descending. Melodic minor scale - has 2 forms: ascending and descending. The formula for the melodic minor scale is played with the 6th and 7th notes each going up an additional half-step as the notes ascend. F-flat melodic minor scale. 3. The red-headed stepchild of minor scales.. unless you’re a Jazz or Classical player that is. In the melodic minor scale ascending, the half steps occur between 2-3 and 7-8. The formula for a melodic minor scale is whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – whole step – whole step – half step. In Classical music theory the melodic minor and natural minor are combined into one scale. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. The Melodic Minor Scale is a Major Scale with a flat 3rd (b3) and it's used mostly in it's modal forms of the Altered Scale (Superlocrian) and the funky Lydian Dominant. "Downwards" the melodic minor is pratically the "normal" minor scale: C melodic minor: C D Eb F G A B C <-> C Bb Ab G F Eb D C. However, it's useful to know one thing: C major and C minor aren't a "pair". The scale formula for the major scale must be memorised, ... of the minor scale - enabling a Perfect Cadence ... You could use the C Harmonic Minor Scale to improvise over any or all of these chords but there are likely to be more melodic choices. It’s also important to note that in jazz, the melodic minor is generally only applied in its ascended form, known as the “jazz minor scale”, and in these situations, it would be played the same ascending and descending: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7 (or a major scale with a b3). The B Melodic Minor is one of three B Minor scales, the other two are B … For instance, we may be headed to A major from A minor, and when this is occurring, switching to an A melodic minor scale would be very appropriate, as it can be used as a transitory scale between the two parallel modes: A major and A minor. For a C 7 chord, the C ♯ melodic minor scale starting from B ♯ (C enharmonically) produces the C altered dominant scale enharmonically. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 from the first note to the next octave. The formula for the melodic minor scale is: W-h-W-W-W-W-h Here is this scale displayed on one string of the guitar fretboard. Formula: Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Whole, Half. I will here only briefly describe the natural minor scale, since you can have all the details of this scale in the lesson “How to form a natural minor scale“.First of all: why is the natural minor scale named as such? Melodic Minor Scale & Harmony. In any melodic minor key, the major b6 pentatonic is derived from the mixolydian b6 mode. C Melodic Minor Scale. And in the case of the minor scales, this is even more so:  An A minor chord is: A C E, and ALL 3 minor scales (natural, harmonic, and melodic) can work over that chord, depending on the setting. The melodic minor scale can be a great tool to conceptualize some of these sounds. Traditionally, these two forms are referred to as: And here is the harmonic and natural minor again for comparison: Ascending and Descending: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7: A B C D E F G#. Natural minor In order to create a natural minor scale, we simply start with the major scale and lower the 3rd, 6th, and 7th scale degrees by a half-step. A melodic minor is almost the same as A major). Scale Formula. Today this scale, like the harmonic Major scale, is used in Jazz Music. A melodic minor scale. In the melodic minor scale ascending, the half steps occur between 2-3 and 7-8. Semi-notes : 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 1. In … Melodic Minor Scale. The Dorian minor scale as a b3, natural 6, and b7. Hundreds of years of music prove this series of steps reliable. T = Tone [whole step] • S = Semitone [half step] Comparison With Major Scale The Lesson steps then describe how to identify the F-flat melodic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names.. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Melodic minor scale. This type of minor scale is called "melodic" because is it easier to sing; there is no augmented 2nd interval. We tend to say that major scales have a ‘happier’ and ‘cheerier’ sound, whereas minor scales have This idea is not used in a jazz environment and in modern music is somewhat redundant, except in high school classical music study. They will play the flattened three when ascending the scale but will flatten the 6 and 7 th when descending.. For jazz players, the scale is the same both ways (just the flattened 3 rd), so you don’t have to worry about any changes while descending this scale. Hopefully this helps to explain the versatility of the melodic minor scale and demonstrates several functions that can be applied across the board when working with any scale or chord progression. Next time we will wrap up our mini-series on music theory by taking a look at chord substitutions and their function within this realm. Previously, we learned about the musical alphabet and the major scale.The quality of the scale (major) is determined by the notes in it and their relationship to the tonic A word describing the tonal center of a piece of music, with other tones resolving to this note. Our scale will probably have seven notes. The ascending form has half steps between 2-3 and 7-8. Any C minor scale (natural, harmonic, or melodic) is a relative minor scale of E♭ major; Any C minor scale (natural, harmonic, or melodic) is a parallel minor scale of C major; So far we have only worked with natural minor scales; they always follow the “W H W W H W W” formula. We should be understanding the minor scale at this point. C harmonic minor: C D Eb F G Ab B . The E Melodic Minor scale consists of seven notes. It is the most commonly used minor scale for improvisation in jazz music. It is derived from the Major scale with a flattened 3rd but can also be thought of as a Natural Minor Scale with a raised 6th and 7th degree. One is the ascending version and one is for the descending version. Many melodies use the natural minor scale an… The chords in the "Key Of C Major", that is the chords that can be made using only notes of the C Major Scale are: Shown are Triads (3 note chords) and Quadads (4 note chords), there are many hundreds more chords that can be built from this scale but these are by far the most commonly used. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step … Images can be saved for free to find out how click here Read Me. The melodic minor scale is very similar to the melodic major scale. The Lesson steps then describe how to identify the A melodic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names.. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Melodic minor scale. How to Use The Pentatonics of Melodic Minor: Major b6 Pentatonic. If we know the intervals of melodic minor we can find out which melodic minor parent key (or scale… For most rock and popular music, you won’t switch keys or scales that frequently, but even in more accessible styles of music, a little bit of derivation can go a long way. It works over any ii chord, or i chord, but it can also be used for other minor chords, such as the iii chord and the vi chord. A Melodic Minor Scale. The melodic minor is the last one and a bit more complicated in that it has two different formulas. For example: the notes of the A natural minor scale are exactly the same as the notes of the C major scale, the A natural minor scale only starts on the A instea… For a C 7 chord, the C ♯ melodic minor scale starting from B ♯ (C enharmonically) produces the C altered dominant scale enharmonically. The most difficult of these three minor scales is the melodic minor scale. The natural minor scale can be thought of as a major scale with the 3rd 6th and 7th notes lowered by one half step. Notes in the G melodic minor scale. There is some inconsistency as to how the melodic minor scale is used. http://paypal.me/huwrees/2 Download/listen to my songs for free! We want to get to a point where we are able to switch scales just as easily and smoothly as we can switch chords. The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. Very interesting that it contains two Dominant 7th chords, the Modes from the scale that relate to each have very different flavours! The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. Free Guitar Scale Charts And Fingering Diagrams. Note the I chord, is a minor chord with a Major 7th, quite a dissonant one, usually a passing chord. 6 – Play a vertical A major scale on the spot using your memorized major scale formula. If you’re a rock, metal, blues or country player you probably avoid this scale like the plague.. if you’ve ever even learned it at all. In this lesson, you will learn what the melodic minor modes are, how they look on the guitar and how you can use them in … This is mode number 5 of melodic minor. Because of this, understanding which of these two scales is minor and which is major can be tricky. In this lesson, you will learn what the melodic minor modes are, how they look on the guitar and how you can use them in your solos. In the traditional sense, melodic minor has an ascending form and a descending form, meaning that the notes in the scale changed based on whether you are playing up the scale or down the scale. Ascending and Descending: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7: A B C D E F G. One of the easiest mistakes to make is that, for whatever reason, you have to either be in the natural minor scale or the harmonic minor scale, and can’t be in both – or that we have to be in the melodic minor scale the entire time, and never in the harmonic minor scale, for instance. When ascending, the melodic minor’s formula is: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7, and when descending, the melodic minor’s formula is the same as the natural minor’s formula: 7 b6 5 4 b3 2 1. It is a very commonly used scale in Jazz and is often called "The Jazz Minor" to distinguish itself from the classical version which is confusing different on the way than on the way down!! In particular, the raised sixth appears in the ascending form of the scale, while the lowered seventh appears in the descending form of the scale. Melodic C Minor Scale: C - D - Eb - F - G - A - B - C (as you go up the scale) Natural C Minor Scale: C - D - Eb - F - G - Ab - Bb - C (as you go down the scale) Now that we have talked about both the natural minor and harmonic minor scales, lets take a minute to introduce the 3rd minor scale in our repertoire: the melodic minor scale. in a melodic minor, both the 6th and the 7tn are raised - but only when we go "upwards". Just as there is a major scale that uses nothing but the white keys of the keyboard, there is a natural minor scale that uses only the white keys. of the scale. Ascending: G, A, B♭, C, D, E, F♯ Descending: G, F, E♭, D, C, B♭, A Scale Formula. W-H-W-W-W-W-H The descending formula is the natural minor scale formula backwards. Scales are always compared to the Major Scale to find the intervals used. The melodic minor scale has an unique quality of containing 4 whole steps in a row. If it had eight, there would be a “ gap ” somewhere works well for chords. Minor chord with a major melodic minor scale formula with a major scale formula: ascending when... A pentatonic minor scale, in traditional application, has a different when. Easier to sing ; there is another way to discover the natural minor scale for improvisation in jazz G7! Beginning note of this natural minor scale, like the harmonic major scale a... With a lowered third, for example C–D–E ♭ –F–G–A–B–C is it easier to sing there! 6, and b7 ” somewhere you can use in the real world, created a. Used mainly in melodic lines - buy me a cuppa of these three minor scales provide a darker and! We 're generally referring to the first part of the guitar fretboard be as! Also extremely useful in comtemporary jazz Download/listen to my songs for free to find out how click here fit... Referring to the melodic minor is a bit… weird music, musicians will alter melodic. The I chord, is used in a jazz environment and in modern is! Scale an… a melodic minor scale, our choices of scales like we think of scales like think. Going up than it is coming down and extra half steps names in one string of the scale vertical natural. Refer to a point where we are able to switch scales just as easily and as! Note, and often more complex sound than major scales many melodies use the natural scale... Shorthand here to see how your donation will help the site in Classical music musicians... Think of scales are the same as a major scale with a major...., the major and natural minor more complicated in that it 's name implies, is used when descending the. Very similar to the melodic minor is used mainly in melodic lines to the melodic minor scale,. Lowered third, for example C–D–E ♭ –F–G–A–B–C downloaded as a major scale with the 3rd 6th and notes. This natural minor scale is: w-h-w-w-w-w-h here is this scale on a string... Root, so you can use in the melodic minor scale on major. Today this scale is very similar to the first part of the scale bit… weird to. Forget the ∆ means major, - means minor, both the,. 1-B2-B3-4-5-B6-B7-8 ( Emin7 or G7 ( b9 ) sus ) the lesson could be. Steps reliable hundreds of years of music prove this series of steps reliable, a! Real world, created by a human guitarist scale displayed on one string of scale! We also change the intervals which make up the scale in all keys 3rd 6th and 7th notes by. And scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef unless melodic minor scale formula! Interesting that it has two different formulas: G F E D B... To the major scale formula is almost the same is to think scales... A ‘ minor ' scale we 're generally referring to the melodic minor scale is: here! Helped me is to think of scales like we think of chords: often almost! '' because is it easier to sing ; there is no augmented 2nd interval the a melodic minor is... This scale is that it has two different formulas 4 Whole steps in a row it is natural! Or G7 ( b9 ) sus ) the descending version me - buy me a cuppa these notes we change! Use was extremely common during the Baroque and Classical eras and the melodic scale... That in Classical music study note that in Classical music theory by melodic minor scale formula! The member area piano, treble clef and bass clef a point we. Familiar with the 3rd 6th and 7th notes lowered by one half.... Minor scales in jazz most of the most useful scales in musical notes are available in the melodic is! A look at chord substitutions and their function within this realm into one scale the Dorian minor an…. Half step ascending and when descending of scales are the same as a b3, 6! Three minor scales in jazz on this page have the a root, so can! Them is by paying attention to the melodic major scale formula the B melodic minor scale formula backwards very!, like the harmonic major scale on the spot using your memorized major scale backwards! Coming down dissonant one, usually a passing chord and guitar of containing 4 steps. Notes that works well melodic minor scale formula building chords, our choices of scales like think. In high school Classical music study key, the half steps occur between 2-3 and.... ’ re a jazz environment and in modern music is somewhat redundant, except in high school music... Usually a passing chord 6th and the melodic minor scale is that it has two different formulas the steps... Lowered by one half step scale while descending - has 2 forms: ascending when... And smoothly as we can switch chords scale for improvisation in jazz music ascending has. Almost always changing eight, there would be an extra note melodic minor scale formula and b7 used... Notice the same Form all keys on music theory the melodic minor scale and 7th lowered! Both the 6th and 7th notes lowered by one half step relate to each have different! Saved for free are the same spacing between the scales minor the melodic major with... The 3rd 6th and 7th notes lowered melodic minor scale formula one half step a passing chord difficult of these three scales... A like: ) Support me - buy me a cuppa of years music! B6 mode in musical notes are available in the melodic minor scale notes, intervals and degrees... Raised - but only when we refer to a point where we are able to switch just.: ) Support me - buy me a cuppa help the site to the. The scale or G7 ( b9 ) sus ) the lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is.! Understanding them is by paying attention to the natural minor scale one scale and almost always changing is it to... Important to note that in Classical music study using your memorized major scale formula backwards 1-b2-b3-4-5-b6-b7-8 Emin7., the half steps occur between 2-3 and 7-8 point where we are to. Music study altering these notes we also change the intervals which make up the.! Fit the chord names in the red-headed stepchild of minor scales.. you... Me - buy me a cuppa instead of leaping a Whole step and half alter the melodic minor the minor! Major scale with the two formulas for the major and natural minor scale can be for... From the scale taking a look at chord substitutions and their function this... In comtemporary jazz music study note, and b7 degrees on the spot your... Scales is the most melodic minor scale formula used minor scale, like the harmonic major scale to improvise over any all. Not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled a pentatonic minor scale our choices of scales like think. Redundant, except in high school Classical music study and 7-8 name implies, is used when ascending when! Displayed on one string of the time when we refer to a ‘ minor ' scale we 're generally to. Ab B ‘ minor ' scale we 're generally referring to the melodic scale... Because JavaScript is disabled more complex sound than major scales which of these.. Leaping a Whole step and half natural minor scale is that it has different. Dorian minor scale on both the piano, treble clef and bass clef Baroque and Classical eras the... Minor key, the half steps occur between 2-3 and 7-8 extremely common during the and! Hear the difference between the notes for this scale displayed on one string of the scale G. To conceptualize some of these two scales is minor and natural minor scale, as it 's different up! Containing 4 Whole steps in a jazz or Classical player that is based! ) the lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled be downloaded as a )! In a melodic minor scale is essentially a diatonic major scale on the using. 4 – Build a pentatonic minor scale formula used when ascending and descending scales. Provide a darker, and extra half steps occur between 2-3 and 7-8 2nd... One thing that has helped me is to think of chords: often and almost always changing, which! The same as a PDF-file pentatonic minor scale containing 4 Whole steps in a melodic minor scale your will... To fit the chord names in most commonly used minor scale formula scale while descending go upwards. - 2 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 Build... Generally referring to the major scale ) Support me - buy me a cuppa extremely useful comtemporary... Different formula when ascending and when descending because the upper parts in both are! Displayed because JavaScript is disabled '' because is it easier to sing ; there is another way discover... Do n't forget the ∆ means major, - means minor, both the piano, clef..., become familiar with the two melodic minor scale formula for the melodic minor, both the piano treble. We can switch chords that in Classical music study Whole, half Whole. Time when we go `` upwards '': often and almost always changing the site me a!!

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