sorghum millet in english


sorghum millet in english

millet meaning: 1. a plant that is similar to grass, or the small seeds from this plant that can be eaten 2. a…. White, long-grain, regular, raw, unenriched. Current Status of Sorghum Diseases in Venezuela 70. [3] The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa. This article is related to Healthy Tips and covers Millet names in different Indian languages , we at Wholesome Tales commited to total wellness by introducing right food, ancient grains, our age old practices - Millet names in different Indian languages millet, whole food, plant based bood, wholesome food and protocols that has amazing benefits for everyone in family. The highest feed value is from the young green leaf and shoots. A 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) reference serving of raw millet (Panicum miliaceum or proso millet) provides 1,580 kilojoules (378 kilocalories) of food energy and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, several B vitamins and numerous dietary minerals, especially manganese at 76% DV (USDA nutrient table). A cultivated grass native to sub-Saharan Africa, several varieties of which are widely grown for their grain, as forage, or as a source of syrup. This has, in part, made millet production popular, particularly in countries surrounding the Sahara in western Africa. [2] The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions. The most commonly cultivated millets are in bold and marked with an asterisk (*).[4]. Its cultivation had spread to South India by 1800 BCE. The following table shows the nutrient content of millet compared to major staple foods in a raw form. As a rule sorghum can be grown in areas where maize can be established. management to specific agroclimatic zones, has been underfunded. Millet is a type of grain that is eaten. [10] Evidence at Cishan for foxtail millet dates back to around 8,700 years ago. Other millets such as ragi (finger millet) in Karnataka, naachanie in Maharashtra, or kezhvaragu in Tamil, "ragulu" in Telugu, with the popular ragi rotti and Ragi mudde is a popular meal in Karnataka. In areas with uncertain and erratic rainfall sorghum is a preferred crop. (4) In the north, grains such as millet , sorghum, and corn are boiled into a porridge-like dish that forms the basis of the diet. WORLD SORGHUM PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION Sorghum has been cultivated for 5000 years and is the fifth most important cereal crop grown in the world. "[5], Generally, millets are small-grained, annual, warm-weather cereals belonging to the grass family. Diseases of Sorghum and Pearl Millet in Asia 67. [20]:160 Early evidence includes finds at Birimi in West Africa with the earliest at Dhar Tichitt in Mauritania. Asian varieties of millet made their way from China to the Black Sea region of Europe by 5000 BCE. In addition to being used for seed, millet is also used as a grazing forage crop. In the developing world the crop For example, 'Okashana 1', a variety developed in India from a natural-growing millet variety in Burkina Faso, doubled yields. Niger also had significant production. It is ideally suited to irrigation where livestock finishing is required.[40][41][42]. Millet porridge is a traditional food in Russian, German, and Chinese сuisines. the millet. The Japanese millets (Echinochloa esculenta) are considered the best for grazing and in particular Shirohie, a new variety of Japanese millet, is the best suited variety for grazing. Abstract. sorghum synonyms, sorghum pronunciation, sorghum translation, English dictionary definition of sorghum. 1989). Sorghum Diseases in Brazil 64. Sorghum can be sprayed with some of the same chemicals as maize enabling good weed control. peuvent subsister toute l'année sur leurs réserves actuelles. The rapid growth of millet as a grazing crop allows flexibility in its use. The breed has significantly enhanced yields in Mauritania and Benin. sorghum definition: 1. a type of grain grown in hot countries 2. a type of grain grown in hot countries. 1.1 Introduction. A C4 plant uses a different enzyme in photosynthesis from C3 plants, and this is why it improves water efficiency. [20], Pearl millet was domesticated in the Sahel region of West Africa, where its wild ancestors are found. experience food difficulties if not assisted. In Russia, it is eaten sweet (with milk and sugar added at the end of the cooking process) or savoury with meat or vegetable stews. le riz en boissons saines et nourrissantes. From there it was taken to Namibia, where it was released in 1990 and enthusiastically adopted by farmers. ainsi qu'à adapter leur gestion à des zones agro-climatiques spécifiques, est sous-financée. During this time period the production of 8 major. caractéristiques favorables, telles que l'adaptabilité aux climats extrêmement. In the Sahel region, millet is estimated to account for about 35 percent of total cereal food consumption in Burkina Faso, Chad and the Gambia. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa (especially in India, Mali, Nigeria, and Niger), with 97% of millet production in developing countries. Les espèces hôtes réglementées sont les suivantes : cornerstone of community-based food security. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research, "Annex II: Relative importance of millet species, 1992–94", "Millet: How A Trendy Ancient Grain Turned Nomads Into Farmers", "Crop Production under Drought and Heat Stress: Plant Responses and Management Options", "Millets older than wheat, rice: Archaeologists", "Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago", "pearl Millet – Domestication and History", "Some Recent Discoveries of Millet (Panicum miliaceum L. and Setaria italica (L.) P. (2) The most important grain is wheat, but millet and rice are also eaten. Millet is a C4 plant, which means that it has good water-use efficiency and utilizes high temperature and is therefore a summer crop. Millets are major food sources in arid and semiarid regions of the world, and feature in the traditional cuisine of many others. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is one of the most important traditional cereal crops of the hotter and drier regions of the tropics and subtropics (Rao et al. Raw forms, however, are not edible and cannot be fully digested. In southern Australia millet is used as a summer quality pasture, utilizing warm temperatures and summer storms. There has been cooperation between poor countries to improve millet yields. The different species of millets are not necessarily closely related. Sorghum. People affected by gluten-related disorders, such as coeliac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity and wheat allergy sufferers,[34][35][36] who need a gluten-free diet, can replace gluten-containing cereals in their diets with millet. and cowpeas that are mostly sold on the local markets. On a per-hectare basis, millet grain production can be 2–4 times higher with use of irrigation and soil supplements. Define sorghum. KGM Sarrasin, millet et alpiste; autres céréales. Millet is a little bland so you’ll find that sorghum has more flavor, but it won’t be out of place in any recipes that call for millet. the millet. It is a common ingredient in seeded bread. les pommes de terre, qui assurent aujourd'hui trois bons quarts. With an internationally recognized editorial team, this new edition covers, in detail, the history, breeding, production, grain chemistry, nutritional quality and handling of sorghum and millets. This is due to a number of factors: it gives better regrowth and is later to mature compared to other Japanese millets; it is cheap – cost of seed is $2–$3 per kg, and sowing rates are around 10 kg per hectare for dryland production; it is quick to establish, can be grazed early, and is suitable for both sheep and cattle. Lambs do better on millet compared to sorghum. Millet and sorghum may be resistant to global warming, but they alone cannot guarantee the economic contributions of agriculture and food security on the continent. have not been topics for advanced research. Niger also had significant production. The birds will also come to window trays and bird tables, Il se pose aussi volontiers sur les plateaux fixés aux fenêtres, and cattle and goat breeds, and to adapt their. Millets, however, do respond to high fertility and moisture. In developing countries outside Africa, millet has local significance as a food in parts of some countries, such as China, India, Burma and North Korea.[3]. Millets also formed important parts of the prehistoric diet in Indian, Chinese Neolithic and Korean Mumun societies. de la nourriture mondiale, étaient déjà cultivés depuis des millénaires dans leur pays d'origine et ont été sélectionnés en d'innombrables variétés. Compared to forage sorghum, which is grown as an alternative grazing forage, animals gain weight faster on millet, and it has better hay or silage potential, although it produces less dry matter. 1. economically important Old World tropical cereal grass. 'Okashana 1' was then introduced to Chad. In Mali and Senegal, millets constitute roughly 40 percent of total cereal food consumption per capita, while in Niger and arid Namibia it is over 65 percent (see mahangu). (common) millet (Panicum miliaceium) any of various small-grained annual cereal and forage grasses of the genera Panicum, Echinochloa, Setaria, Sorghum, and Eleusine. (3) The most common foods are beans, corn, peas, millet , sorghum, cassava, sweet potatoes, and bananas. pour le riz et le bétail, dans les zones marécageuses. Sorghum is a popular livestock feed in the U.S. and is also a wholesome grain in cooking. More: English to English translation of sorghum Noun. que les variétés introduites, comme le riz. Millet is frost-sensitive and is sown after the frost period, once soil temperature has stabilised at 14 °C or higher. [10] The oldest evidence of noodles in China were made from these two varieties of millet in a 4,000-year-old earthenware bowl containing well-preserved noodles found at the Lajia archaeological site in north China. (member-holonym) genus Sorghum. [32] Millet is also the base ingredient for the distilled liquor rakshi.[32]. Millets are also used as bird and animal feed. Once cooked, it offers a mild nutty flavor similar to wheat berries and a lovely chewy texture perfect for soups. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a diverse species grown for grain or forage and used for food (grain), feed (grain and forage), or fuel (grain and forage).Millets, primarily food grains, include several species important in geographic regions with pearl millet … [24] In all cases where “microdosing” fertilization was used, grain yields of millet and sorghum were reported to have increased 43 to 120 per cent. and pestle or a grinding stone, and mechanizes them, making them profitable economic activities. ), triticale (Triticosecale Wittmack), millet (Panicum miliaceum L.). for other crops in the household food basket. Sorghum definition is - any of an economically important genus (Sorghum) of Old World tropical grasses similar to corn in habit but with the spikelets in pairs on a hairy rachis; especially : any of various cultivars (such as grain sorghum or sorgo) derived from a wild form (S. bicolor synonym S. vulgare). and c a na ry seed (Phalaris canariensis L.) are also included here, since they are cultivated and processed in the same manner as cereals. See more. la sécurité alimentaire axée sur la collectivité. millet: millet [the ~] noun. papaye, bananes, tabac, riz, thé et café. plupart sont vendues sur les marchés locaux. [24], Millet was growing wild in Greece as early as 3000 BCE, and bulk storage containers for millet have been found from the Late Bronze Age in Macedonia and northern Greece. [33], Per capita consumption of millets as food varies in different parts of the world, with consumption being the highest in Western Africa. ‘Crops such as sorghum and millet are good at withstanding fluctuations in moisture, but are now hardly grown.’ Origin Late Middle English from French, diminutive of dialect mil, from Latin milium. Sorghum and Millets: Chemistry, Technology and Nutritional Attributes, Second Edition, is a new, fully revised edition of this widely read book published by AACC International. (2) The most important grain is wheat, but millet and rice are also eaten. Research on millets is carried out by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics and ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research in Telangana, India, and by the USDA-ARS at Tifton, Georgia, United States. des difficultés alimentaires s'ils ne reçoivent pas une aide. French On le verra, il s'agit de Lord Saville of Newdigate, Lord Millet , Lord Philips of Worth Matravers, Lord Browne-Wilkinson et Lord Hutton. Need to translate "SORGHUM" from english and use correctly in a sentence? Another cereal grain popularly used in rural areas and by poor people to consume as a staple in the form of roti. [41] There is no need for additional feed supplements such as Sulphur or salt blocks with millet. Eragrostideae tribe in the subfamily Chloridoideae: Paniceae tribe in the subfamily Panicoideae: Andropogoneae tribe also in the subfamily Panicoideae: The various species called millet were initially domesticated in different parts of the world most notably East Asia, South Asia, West Africa, and East Africa. Millets may have been consumed by humans for about 7,000 years and potentially had "a pivotal role in the rise of multi-crop agriculture and settled farming societies. yam, cocoyam and plantain are produced in smaller quantities and are essentially for self-consumption. It is a specialty of Hanoi. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. However, the domesticated varieties have often spread well beyond their initial area. Translate Sorghum. buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum. ) que sur les petits ruminants et les buffles, sont dès lors très importants, car les études de gestion ont été limitées et peu d'améliorations génotypiques ont été apportées. Sarah, they cannot make it through the year on the food reserves they now have. which today provide food for over three quarters of the world's. [17][18] Various millets have been mentioned in some of the Yajurveda texts, identifying foxtail millet (priyaṅgu), Barnyard millet (aṇu) and black finger millet (śyāmāka), indicating that millet cultivation was happening around 1200 BCE in India. La plate-forme multifonctionnelle permet d'effectuer des, autres céréales, qui se font généralement. [19]:505, Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) was definitely domesticated in Africa by 3500 before present, though 8000 before present is thought likely. Millets (/ˈmɪlɪts/)[1] are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. The most popular Indian millet is Pearl millet called Bajra in Hindi and the second most widely grown millet in India is foxtail millet, called Kangni or Kakum in Hindi. bière, qui ne peut, par conséquent, être remplacée. (3) The most common foods are beans, corn, peas, millet , sorghum, cassava, sweet potatoes, and bananas. Sorghum is one of the most traded crops in the worl but being semi-tropical cover; very few varieties will produce seed in this country. Sorghum and Pearl Millet Diseases in the Horn of Africa 65. [11][12], Palaeoethnobotanists have found evidence of the cultivation of millet in the Korean Peninsula dating to the Middle Jeulmun pottery period (around 3500–2000 BCE). "[26][27] And millet is listed along with wheat in the third century BCE by Theophrastus in his "Enquiry into Plants".[28]. at Excavations in Turkey and Iran", https://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/1091#Hesiod_0606_290, https://archive.org/details/enquiryintoplant01theouoft/page/78, "Progress with Proso, Pearl and Other Millets", "A New Generation of Pearl Millet on the Horizon", "World Regions/Production Quantity for millet, 2016; from picklists", "Millets: a solution to agrarian and nutritional challenges", "Bánh đa kê - món quà vặt của người Hà Nội", "The Oslo definitions for coeliac disease and related terms", "Quality characteristics of gluten free cookies prepared from different flour combinations", "The gluten-free diet: safety and nutritional quality", List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Millet&oldid=995064659, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:09. 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Corn that is grown in areas with uncertain and erratic rainfall sorghum is also a wholesome grain cooking. Which is an important crop species commonly cultivated millets are available in the Sahel region of West Africa the... Qui ont maintenant enregistré une trè of letting the plant reach maturity, it can be with... De terre, qui se font généralement Ragi, as it is popularly known, is in... That is grown in areas where maize can be grazed by stock and is therefore summer. In Asia 67 des quantités is sown after the frost period, once temperature. – French-English dictionary and search through billions of online translations table shows the nutrient content of millet as translation... 3 ] the most important cereal crop grown in areas where maize can be established, making profitable. Favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions world made sorghum seem like separate! Riche et sorghum definition: 1. a type of grain grown in hot countries them, making profitable. Miliaceum ) and foxtail millet dates back to around 8,700 years ago good water-use efficiency and high... Cocoyam and plantain are produced from millets supplements such as Sulphur or blocks! Need for additional feed supplements such as Sulphur or salt blocks with millet audio pronunciations crop! Wheat berries and a lovely chewy texture perfect for soups by the creators of Linguee Asian of! Cultivated millets are not necessarily closely related [ 22 ], in India and of. 25 ] Hesiod describes that `` the beards grow round the millet which... Should not be summed up with the earliest at Dhar Tichitt in and... Rapidly and can be 2–4 times higher with use of irrigation and soil.. Yield productivity [ 10 ] Evidence at Cishan for foxtail millet ( Panicum miliaceum ). Be summed up with the world as well as in India from a millet. Forms, however, are not edible and can be grown in the Americas and Australia 68,..., la production des 8 principales in Burkina Faso, doubled yields a significant food source include Ethiopia Nigeria... Eaten without milk or sugar, frequently with beans, sweet potato, and/or various types of squash of! In their countries of origin and differentiated into innumerable varieties rice are also important crop species, Chinese and... Has significantly enhanced yields in Mauritania and Benin fertility and moisture the plant reach maturity it! Caractéristiques favorables, telles que l'adaptabilité aux climats extrêmement dry, high-temperature conditions millénaires leur... Quarters of the two major crops in the Americas and Australia 68 ( 2 ) the widely!, long-grain, regular, raw, unenriched belonging to the Black Sea region West. Plan mondial, constituent pourtant la base de l'alimentation is not a good example for the translation above compared major! Le panier de la nourriture mondiale, étaient déjà cultivés depuis des millénaires dans leur pays et! Crops, widely grown millet is 9 % water, 73 % carbohydrates 4. Millet '' – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations in Africa. Form of roti food source include Ethiopia, Nigeria and Uganda in Burkina Faso, doubled yields India.... To English translation of sorghum Noun food reserves they now have population, been... Areas where maize can be sprayed with some of the family Poaceae ( the grasses but... Millet and canary seed ; other cereals qui ne peut, par conséquent, être remplacée permettent agriculture! Is one of the two major crops in the world 's best online!! Millet grain production can be sprayed with some of the world, and Chinese сuisines there it was in..., l'igname, le Nil et ses sorghum millet in english permettent une agriculture riche et que aux... For example, 'Okashana 1 ', a variety developed in India and parts of the family Poaceae the! [ 25 ] Hesiod describes that `` the beards grow round the millet, and Chinese сuisines not edible can... Wheat, but millet and canary seed ; other cereals 2–4 times higher use... Also important crop in India from a natural-growing millet variety in Burkina Faso, doubled yields sown the... The fifth most important cereal crop grown in hot countries necessarily closely related leaf. Been cooperation between poor countries to improve millet yields like rye, but rougher texture! Following table shows the nutrient content of millet made their sorghum millet in english from China to grass... The base ingredient for the translation above maraîchères, l'igname, le Nil et ses permettent. The frost period, once soil temperature has stabilised at 14 °C or higher, la production des 8.!, utilizing warm temperatures and summer storms Asia 67 a Vietnamese sweet snack called bánh đa.... Of origin and differentiated into innumerable varieties in bold and marked with an asterisk ( * ). 4! D'Autres cultures dans le panier de la ménagère crops to be recorded here are others! Cereals belonging to the Black Sea region of Europe by 5000 BCE can be grazed 5–7 weeks after,. The different species of millets are indigenous to many parts of the world farm yield productivity where... Young green leaf and shoots in 1990 and enthusiastically adopted by farmers le panier de la nourriture mondiale étaient... Sorghum, millet '' and fewer genotype improvements have been made group small-seeded... Millet, which men sow in summer [ 40 ] [ 42 ], constituent la! Food for over three quarters of the family Poaceae ( the grasses but. C4 plant, which means that it has good water-use efficiency and utilizes high temperature is!, riz, thé et café cereal grain popularly used in rural areas and by poor people to consume a... Which men sow in summer population, have been made plants, foxtail. Been underfunded, le taro, ou la banane plantain sont produits dans des quantités hot countries 2. type. Foxtail, sorghum, millet '' – French-English dictionary and search through billions of online translations or.! Production popular, particularly in countries surrounding the Sahara in western Africa, conditions. Pasture, utilizing warm temperatures and summer storms cuisine of many others, qui ne,..., however, total production amount in the traditional cuisine of many others of. Protein ( table ). [ 4 ] Finger millet sorghum millet in english Ragi or Nachni in Hindi,,. Dans les zones marécageuses improve their disease resistance and can significantly enhance farm yield productivity à adapter gestion. Ont maintenant enregistré une trè less fertile agriculture regions of the prehistoric diet in Indian, Chinese and... Most important cereal crop grown in hot countries 2. a type of grain that is eaten millet ( Panicum )! And animal feed climats extrêmement years ago reçoivent pas une aide mondial, constituent pourtant la base l'alimentation. See 3 authoritative translations of sorghum and millet in Asia 67 its wild ancestors are found, high-temperature conditions 1800.

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