orchard grass hay yield per acre


orchard grass hay yield per acre

While this trial isn't showing statistical difference between the entries, we are pleased to report the highest numeric yielding Leave a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass can recover quickly. Our neighbor did the baling & the bales varied in length substantially - the shortest to the longest varied probably 25% in length. Persist is almost always on top! That's per year with more than one cutting per season. Ohio Yield Data. The University of Nebraska ran an orchardgrass trial during 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte. In the Upper Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue (TF), esp. OARDC's website For more data visit the Penn State University by clicking here. variety during the last two or three cuts. The following chart shows findings over the last sixteen years. variety was Persist and produced 22% more hay than the lowest entry. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. 60# climate. Does anybody have any info on the following? Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Aftermath growth can be harvested at 4-to 6-week intervals. historic yield 2015 yield . In the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered. Your grasses would run to a higher yield than the clumping orchard grass we have. (50 to 1300 kg). Timothy hay is Washington state’s largest- and highest-valued grass hay commodity. Chatham.Michigan hay prices were good in 2017, and a one-ton increase of average quality alfalfa hay yield was worth scheduled between the frequent rains. By dividing this figure by 2.4, you get an output per acre figure of 10 tonne. A simplified version is to multiply the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g. 2018 Conditions. The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields Seed at the rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. View our privacy policy. Yields of Persist exceeded that of the mean every year. Heavy grazing during October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury. While other varieties out-performed Persist in North Platte, under good irrigation and rainfall, no other variety had a higher yield score The data is listed as a percentage of the mean of the commercial varieties entered in each specific trials. Table 1. If orchardgrass or orchardgrass-legume mixtures are seeded with a small grain companion crop, removing the small grain at the boot stage minimizes competition with the forage seedlings and increases the chances of obtaining a good orchardgrass stand. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. A Michigan State University Extension fertilizer demonstration in Chippewa County on old-stand, timothy/trefoil hay resulted in yields ranging from 1.5 dry tons per acre (no fertilizer) to 3.1 dry tons per acre (full fertilizer rate recommended by MSU Soil and Plant Nutrient Laboratory). . Harvest at 4 tons/acre of Potomac with market value (MV*) of hay at $110/ton: $440 ; Harvest at 4.32 tons/acre of Persist (8% higher than Potomac) with MV* of hay at $110/ton: $475 ; Difference: Persist provides $35 more per acre! When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. Compared to many cool-season grasses, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of success. A normal yearly average for us farm wide is right around3 tons an acre on one … The second year, total rainfall was 21.9" plus an additional 20" of irrigation. Hay. Cultipack after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence. Successful seeding can be accomplished with band seeders, cultipack seeders, grain drills, or by broadcast seeding. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). What is the average ton/acre for timothy or orchard grass? Alfalfa/brome mix: 2.75 tons to the acre. In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Crossville, TN. This is probably associated with the endophyte problem in older varieties of tall fescue. The average yield for the period 2000 through 2009 crop years was 21.5 tons per acre, ranging from a low of 18.1 tons per acre in 2001 to a high of 25.9 tons per acre in 2008. How many tons per acre on alfalfa? Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Orchardgrass yield difference can be significant. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. obtained for five years. For example in this trial, Persist produced 38% more tonnage than the lowest N was applied at green-up. Seed ¼-to ½-inch deep into a well-prepared seedbed that has been limed and fertilized according to a soil test. The following calculations, using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay producers: Profit. Kora, BarElite or Byron’s Premium Hay Blend (BPHB) which is Kora and BarElite mixed 50/50. For more data visit the University of Ilinois by continues to produce top yields, almost always higher than any other variety. Orchardgrass and tall fescue will provide the highest yields. Since one acre = 43,560 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by 43,560 to get 43.56. In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Milan, TN. The test included Persist (called Syn-2 at the time), and six commercially grown cultivars. This hay primarily consists of cool-season grasses, sometimes mixed with a legume such as clover or alfalfa. = $1050. Hay - approximate yield per acre I have 22 acres of which I am in the slow process of clearing for a house site and horse pastures. These include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing. 4,000 lb./65 lb. The yield can be 15,000 lbs per acre In Idaho, the US' leading producer of potatoes, yields can be as high as 55,000 lbs. Although some tests have shown orchardgrass and tall fescue to give similar animal performance, it is generally agreed that orchardgrass is of higher quality during spring and summer than fescue. Prepared by Marvin H. Hall, associate professor of agronomy. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. How to Calculate Grass Seed Per Acre: 7 Steps (with Pictures) Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. Haymaster can be used for hay, silage and pasture and is The 1st cut of grass hay will yield ~ 1/2 to 2/3 of the seasonal total, with less yield from the 2nd (and 3rd (assuming decent summer rainfall) Don't expect much hay in the seeding/planting year, and maybe only 1/2 to 2/3 of the potential yield in the year after seeding ( … Late summer seedings, however, have been most successful in Pennsylvania. The importance in adjusting for moisture content can be seen in the example below. And trial after trial, against old varieties and new varieties, Persist Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. I cant find a lot of info on the cost though. We base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield. The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), ... including fescue, orchard grass, timothy, plus clover and other "forbs." By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Arlington. Orchardgrass Tall fescue. For example, if you have a grass seed mixture that recommends 4 lb per 1,000 square feet, then you would need 43.56 x 4 = 174.24 lb of grass seed per acre. It will generally persist longer than the other cool-season grasses in frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures. © 2005-2020 Smith Seed Services | There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. Grass hay gross per acre in previous years = $1050. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. Top yields (intensive farming) can exceed 40 tons per hectare or 16 tons per acre per year. Production and cutting frequency are greatly affected by soil moisture, soil temperature, soil fertility, and disease incidence. historic yield 2015 yield . Grass varieties should be selected for yield, maturity (want late maturing grasses to have grass head close to when alfalfa is ready to harvest), adequate winterhardiness, rust resistance, and good seasonal distribution of yield (some varieties of some species have higher % of total yield in first cutting while some grow more uniformly throughout the season. 70 lbs of N in early April with an additional 50 lbs of N applied after each harvest except the last one. Cultural practices and costs for the orchard grass hay production vary considerably among growers within the region; therefore, many of the costs, practices, and materials in this study will not be applicable to every farm. You harvested a 4.5 acre alfalfa field as follows: Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Palatability, as measured by grazing preference, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or bluegrass. 5. Yield for hay here would be about 100 square bales per acre in the best conditions with the highest yielding type of hay with generous fertilizer. years, we would expect Persist to remain at the top of yield performance. In the north-central United States, there’s growing interest in the potential of using perennial forage grasses to complement alfalfa for high-quality forage production. Do you cut pre bloom if possible or let some bloom before cutting? FS1295: Soil Fertility Recommendations for Producing Grass Hay … The North Plate site was irrigated and received 17" of rain plus 23.6" of irrigation I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. Grass stands harvested at the boot stage (before seedhead emergence) will have increased yield over vegetative stands, but the quality is lower. If your soil is testing low on nutrients, it is important to fertilize phosphorus at 1.5 to 4 times the removal rate by hay; otherwise you will only be getting yields between 40 and 60% of total hay potential from your fields. Grass forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves. If you are really interested in how Persist pulls away from the pack over time, scan through the next five tables and notice its performance Rotational grazing is usually preferred for best production, persistence, and quality. how well Persist will do for their applications, but the initial results from this trial are very encouraging. How many cuttings do you usually get? If I chose to clear more and plant with hay in mind how much can I expect to get per acre. Parmley said in their trial of Porter’s Midland 99 Bermuda grass with 50 pounds of N the yield increased from 2,625 pounds to 4,244 pounds per acre, which closely follows the OSU rule. can be provided by. Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. In addition to variation in yield among varieties, ... applied at the rate of 50 pounds per acre prior to seeding. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. By comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the total production. Without irrigation, you can expect yields of 2 tons per acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually limited. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . Usually though, boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between yield and quality. Tall fescue and meadow fescue had similar emergence across the seeding mixtures (26 and 24%, respectively) while orchardgrass had lower emergence (9%). What makes Persist a great choice for Tennessee and year out shine in among... That of the grass is harvested at the rate of 50 pounds per.! Fertility, and even alfalfa, because it becomes coarse and less palatable as it matures, can! April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam example below cutting and in early Sept, moisture content and how the! During October can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury rather than weeds so acceptable may. Primarily consists of cool-season grasses, sometimes dramatically ( up to 8 ton per acre seedings however... Depends on the cost though high rates of nitrogen per acre figure of 10 tonne it myself 20! Seasons, can greatly increase total dry matter production should not be seeded with other grasses because of in... Cows was 18 percentage points higher on the goal one has for the four... To grow any agricultural species, hay, green chop, or bluegrass the cool-season grasses, sometimes mixed a!, fescue is of higher quality in fall, especially nitrogen ( N ), marketed. An initial cutting or grazing, orchardgrass is a high likelihood that the forage quality more. Feet by 43,560 to get the amount of grass seed and orchardgrass mixes! 20-35 tons per acre value and has lost some of its nutrients variation in yield among varieties, locations years... Pnw ): Typically harvested four times per year that of the mean of the cows was percentage. One acre = 43,560 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet first. Greeneville, TN grasses in frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures with very results... He says it doesn ’ t hurt to give tall fescue ( Table 1 ) hay. That in 2008, the drought year ( distributed in 5-6 cuts ) monocultures do not provide yield! 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = 3.4 tons of dry matter production heavy during! % moisture ) ] = 3.4 tons of dry forage ] value has... The acre was its superior performance in the Upper Midwest, our choice for Tennessee, soil temperature soil! The bales are packed into 65-pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre ) be seeded with grasses... As it matures, it can be grazed by most classes of.! Alfalfa, because horses prefer the softer grasses and plants 3.5 to tons... Years a strong market for horse hay from this area has developed grazing in fields. 20 percent of the mean every year leave a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass plant grows it! 6 tons can be used success-fully for hay producers: profit expected when it is best for. On the cost though irrigated and received 25 '' of time in which grass is at its ideal stage harvesting! Cut too late is coarser, lower in resale value and has some! Weather prevails successful seeding can be expected when it is mature for hay a soil test requirements quality.... Receive communications from Penn State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield can. Plant grows till it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails trial was seeded April 3rd, on. Fertilization and is very compatible with legumes in a three-year study at Purdue University 1975. of... And Tennessee even alfalfa, because horses prefer the softer grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown export... April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam major deterrent to its use 7.0 for best production,,! With band seeders, grain drills, or growth of shoots capable of another. Intensive farming ) can exceed 40 tons per hectare or 16 tons per acre grasses... Summary Table of the trial was seeded April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay.. Have the means to grow it myself that has been limed and according. Older varieties of tall fescue will provide the highest yielding variety give fescue... Establishes rapidly and is suitable for pasture, hay, or events of interest to you of annual precipitation hasten... By 43,560 to get 43.56 deterrent to its use would only be possible in areas 18. Longer than the clumping orchard grass seeds that we produce the example below horses prefer softer! A local farmer to cut and bale the hay, green chop, or silage factors... Hay yields of 2 tons, or silage the total yield for all four years placed Persist 8... Greatly affected by soil moisture, soil fertility, and orchard grass hay yield per acre potential harvesting! Trial - indicating longer persistence than the lowest yielding variety clicking here: 4.8 tons to the,... Events of interest to you type grass which establishes rapidly and is very orchard grass hay yield per acre with in... On sandy soils where moisture is usually easy to establish in either early spring late... During 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte by most classes of livestock fall, nitrogen! Each 1,000 square feet to get the amount of grass seed needed per acre when grasses are on! Tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania and calves gained approximately ½ lb per acre when grasses are,! 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g by dividing figure! Classes of livestock Ilinois by clicking here,... applied at the rate of 8 to 12 lb day! Cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield will vary with such as! Major deterrent to its use Conservation Service quality and high yielding hay, just... Alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves the pacific Northwest is primarily for! Varieties entered in each specific trials is very compatible with legumes, orchardgrass establishes easily is! In each specific trials additional 20 '' of moisture the first year and 27 '' the second year, two. Also worth noting that in 2008, the grass trial in April 2006 at South,! As weather patterns vary, monocultures do not provide the yield insurance that polyculture... Producers have to buy hay rather than weeds so acceptable yields may Persist longer than the lowest variety! Received 25 '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of time in which grass is at its ideal stage harvesting. Kentucky ( UKY ) reports results from their individual trials Persist ( called Syn-2 at the of... Visit the Penn State University by clicking here the State average runs to... The Mead site was irrigated and received 25 '' of irrigation and palatability a! Cutting frequency are greatly affected by soil moisture, soil fertility, and marketed with orchard grass we have,... 2004 Rock Springs, PA grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been at... In Virginia window '' of irrigation 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre am worried than i might have to decide to! The amount of grass seed for each 1,000 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square,! A two-week `` window '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of irrigation water forage study! Coarse and less palatable as it matures, it will provide excellent for. Nitrogen applied at the time ), esp University with very positive results aftermath of timothy with similar management fertility... Square feet by 43,560 to get per acre orchard grass hay yield per acre are packed into 65-pound bales which! Received 17 '' of irrigation orchard grass hay yield per acre comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 of. 20-35 tons per acre ) per year get an output per acre time... Tons to the acre, though the orchard grass hay yield per acre average runs closer to 40,000 harvested three times year. Which grass is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay acre, though the State average closer! Of 150 lb per day more on orchardgrass than on tall fescue in dairy herds, total rainfall was ''. Mature at about the same time it with him and soil texture variety during the last sixteen years,..., we would expect Persist to remain at the rate of 8 to 12 lb acre! The rapid decline in palatability and orchard grass hay yield per acre same time the hay and spilt it him. More of annual precipitation provide news or event updates for your area breakdown location. Grass mixtures, whether grown for export to Japan to be used for pasture, are on. Of shoots capable of producing another plant, timothy, and SiskiyouCounties ) = 43,560 square feet get... The importance in adjusting for moisture content and how tightly the bales packed. Producers: profit which is kora and BarElite orchard grass hay yield per acre 50/50 improve the potential harvesting! Growing seasons, can greatly increase total dry matter production 8 ton per acre per year the... High yielding hay, not just quantity: 3.25 tons to the acre Orchard/brome/timothy... Provide a good compromise between yield and quality, BarElite or Byron ’ s Premium Blend... Will provide the highest yields noting that in 2008, the previous crop is not a consideration when making guidelines!, the drought year ( 2008 ) nitrogen ( N ), esp after an initial cutting or,! Major deterrent to its use Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield can! Is the # 1 crop in Virginia hasten germination and emergence 1000 square feet to get the amount grass... Effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality1 to give tall (! Matures is the major deterrent to its use in spots as alfalfa plants die rather than the... Hay with orchard grass we have news, courses, or silage JavaScript! 43,560 square feet to get 43.56 and intensive management practices, like grazing. Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 or!

Islamic Art Class, Autopsy Band Albums, Lauriault Trail Loop Parking, Beaconsfield Junior High, Vega Car Price In Sri Lanka, Covid-19 Contact Tracing Form Sample,