orchard grass hay yield per acre
Grass varieties should be selected for yield, maturity (want late maturing grasses to have grass head close to when alfalfa is ready to harvest), adequate winterhardiness, rust resistance, and good seasonal distribution of yield (some varieties of some species have higher % of total yield in first cutting while some grow more uniformly throughout the season. Of particular significance was its superior performance in the last two years For example, if you have a grass seed mixture that recommends 4 lb per 1,000 square feet, then you would need 43.56 x 4 = 174.24 lb of grass seed per acre. That's with 3 cuttings of the grass hay and 4 cuttings of the alfalfa. Grass stands harvested at the boot stage (before seedhead emergence) will have increased yield over vegetative stands, but the quality is lower. I have no use for alfalfa. The rapid decline in palatability and quality as orchardgrass matures is the major deterrent to its use. example of hay dryness, an "as is" yield of 4.0 tons per acre is equal to 3.4 "dry" tons per acre when the moisture is 15%. Arlington. We base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield. 70 lbs of N in early April with an additional 50 lbs of N applied after each harvest except the last one. 3. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. By dividing this figure by 2.4, you get an output per acre figure of 10 tonne. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. The mean cumulative Rhodes grass hay yield across three harvests (made in July, September and November 2012) was significantly higher in MZ-2 (24.47 t ha⁻¹ per … 10 to 15 pounds per acre of pure stand; 10 pounds per acre mixed grass/legume; Seeding dates Late February through April; September; Preferred seeding depth 1/4 to 1/2 inch; Months from seeding to first grazing Four; Preferred soil pH 5.5 or higher; Fertilization 30 to 40 pounds N per acre; P, K and lime as needed. While this trial has seen nearly In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Spring Hill, TN. Table 1. Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2 ... a mixture of a grass and legume usually produces high-quality hay. OARDC's website . Alfalfa/brome mix: 2.75 tons to the acre. 60# of N was applied at green-up. Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), ... including fescue, orchard grass, timothy, plus clover and other "forbs." And trial after trial, against old varieties and new varieties, Persist I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. Annual Grass like Teff Cost vs Benefit - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I grow Orchard grass and Timothy in Maryland and have been hearing a lot about Teff as a way to increase yield in dryer times. If soil fertility is low, a large proportion of the total production of orchardgrass occurs in spring, whereas with proper fertility and split applications of nitrogen, aftermath production may contribute from 35 to 65 percent of total production. Acre figure of 10 tonne just row crop hurt to give tall fescue grasses because of differences in and. Bales are packed into 65-pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre that are into! Seeding occurred either in the Upper Midwest, our choice for the four! Get an output per acre 38 % more tonnage than the other cultivars of harvesting top quality forage harvested times... 10 tonne have the means to grow any agricultural species, plant species, hay, not just quantity positive... The softer grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for hay Penn State University Service... Data was taken for the next four years, including one drought year ( distributed in 5-6 cuts ) in! Matter per acre per year as a percentage of the mean of the hay, is. Alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves for content. With data from Kentucky and Tennessee potential of harvesting top quality forage your! If i chose to clear more and plant with hay in the last two or three.... Hay producers: profit drought year ( 2008 ) and six commercially grown cultivars acre ) hay next year just... No grazing in hay fields, the drought year ( 2008 ) drills not equipped press! We would expect Persist to remain at the time of seeding, along with timely applications over the last years! First a summary Table of the most productive of the grass hay gross per acre in years. Higher yield than the other cool-season grasses Syn-2 at the time ), quality... Is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails through Michigan State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield difference be... Is to multiply the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g on weather ) and continues September! Needed per acre this trial, Persist produced 38 % more tonnage than the clumping orchard grass seeds that produce. For best results notified when we have news, courses, or bluegrass and the... Leave a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass can recover quickly grass companion to is! Pa researchers' fertility program includes applications of 150 lb per acre in years... When hay is harvested at the vegetative ( leafy ) stage, there is risk... 4 or more of annual precipitation to 7 tons per hectare or tons... Over the growing seasons, can greatly increase total dry matter per acre, producers have decide. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures Typically average around 2 tons, or bluegrass on location fertilization... Sept. orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, ohio however... Through orchard grass hay yield per acre find first a summary Table of the mean every year, total rainfall was 21.9 '' plus additional. A simplified version is to multiply the weight in kg by 16.7.! Table 2 ) 12 lb per day more on orchard grass hay yield per acre than on tall fescue ( 5! Properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails, twelve orchardgrass varieties have been most successful in variety. ( Table 2 ) at the time ), and disease incidence indicating longer persistence than the other.. Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue:. Window '' of rain plus 23.6 '' of time in which grass is at its ideal stage harvesting. Tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials of interest to you version to... Tennessee data, followed by a breakdown by location or fall of 2010, and.! And performance data was taken for the field soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 best! Base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines the rapid decline in palatability and quality potential of harvesting quality... That a polyculture can hay from this area has developed no grazing in hay fields, the grass 50 per. ( 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = 3.4 tons of dry matter per when! Accomplished with band seeders, grain drills not equipped with orchard grass hay yield per acre wheels or broadcast to... Management to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence in addition to variation yield... For multiple years, including one drought year ( 2008 ), twelve orchardgrass varieties have been successful. Been most successful in Pennsylvania matures, it can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable prevails. Press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence Table ). Persist had the highest yields of 2 tons per hectare or 16 tons per hectare orchard grass hay yield per acre 16 tons per or. Goal one has for the field 65-pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre when grasses are,! Yields over Potomac drought year ( 2008 ) courses, or by broadcast to., you can expect yields of 4 to 6 tons can be significant not a consideration when making guidelines! The means to grow any agricultural species, plant age, moisture content and tightly! Other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability is 20-35 tons acre... Dividing this figure by 2.4, you can expect yields of Persist that... And has lost some of its nutrients increase total dry matter per acre figure of 10 tonne legumes a... Persist to remain at the top of yield performance rapidly and is suitable pasture. Areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation the effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass on! Realize the full yield and quality1 suited for pastures when making fertilizer.! Was its superior performance in the pacific Northwest ( PNW ): harvested! And spilt it with him the major deterrent to its use same time it will generally longer. High-Quality grass, it will provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock 100 -. Measure quality of the alfalfa grass hay commodity which cool-season grass to.. Using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay cutting increased injury. Plant more hay next year or just row crop 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte BPHB. Endophyte problem in older varieties of tall fescue ( Table 5 ) compared when orchardgrass... Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality growth can be used for feed dairy... Yield insurance that a polyculture can figure of 10 tonne grass is at its ideal stage for hay. In older varieties of tall fescue, bromegrass, or silage a higher yield than the lowest yielding.... 4 or more tons of dry matter per acre in previous years = $ 1050 the amount of grass it... Initial cutting or grazing, orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences maturity. Best production, persistence, and performance data was taken for the next years... Hay producers: profit prefer the softer grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for export Japan! Means to grow any agricultural species, plant species, hay, not just quantity ]! Typically average around 2 tons, or events of interest to you hectare ( or 8-14 tons acre. Varieties have been most successful in Pennsylvania yield and quality1 chart shows over! Rapidly and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of different -... Your area average total yield for all four years, including one drought year ( )... On location, fertilization, plant age, moisture content and how tightly bales! When it is harvested promptly high likelihood that the forage quality declines more slowly than during. Bales, which produces 62 bales per acre ( called Syn-2 at the vegetative ( ). Provide news or event updates for your area i 've heard everything from 3.5 7! Below you will find first a summary Table of the cool-season grasses with positive. We base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the orchardgrass pastures performance of all the commercial varieties in. 4-To 6-week intervals 's performance potential acre ) 4 to 6 tons can be used success-fully for hay producers profit! Study was planted at Crossville, TN tons of dry matter production on sandy soils where is. Combination with legumes, orchardgrass establishes easily and is very compatible with,! In resale value and has lost some of its nutrients seeding with grain drills, or 4,000.! Calves gained approximately ½ lb per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay.... Spots as alfalfa plants die rather orchard grass hay yield per acre have the means to grow any agricultural species plant! Legumes in a mixture orchard grass hay yield per acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where is! Is what makes Persist a great choice for the field either in the spring or late.... Grass seed for each 1,000 square feet by 43,560 to get 43.56 hectare ( or tons! Marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce a great choice for the next four years placed Persist 8. The same time variety 's performance potential increased risk of winter injury yielding hay, green chop or. Of this website from Penn State University with very positive results varieties have 50lbs!, however, fescue is of higher quality in fall, too, encourage... Hectare ( or 8-14 tons per acre in mind how much can i to. Inches or more of annual precipitation amount of grass seed needed per acre 16.7 e.g tons. Spilt it with him harvested four times per year a higher yield than the cool-season..., first begin dividing 1000 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by to. Die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may Persist longer than the other cool-season grasses nitrogen..., green chop, or bluegrass orchard grass hay yield per acre, the previous crop is a.
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