orchard grass hay yield per acre


orchard grass hay yield per acre

The effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality1. historic yield 2015 yield . clicking here If soil fertility is low, a large proportion of the total production of orchardgrass occurs in spring, whereas with … A high-quality grass, it will provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock. In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Milan, TN. Daren Redfearn, Oklahoma State University Extension Forage Specialist, adds, “If you need to correct the soil pH, fall is a good time to apply lime since it takes longer for it to work.” Both cows and calves gained approximately ½ lb per day more on orchardgrass than on tall fescue. By dividing this figure by 2.4, you get an output per acre figure of 10 tonne. Grass forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves. Production and cutting frequency are greatly affected by soil moisture, soil temperature, soil fertility, and disease incidence. mixed stand, sometimes dramatically (up to 8 ton per acre). When there isn’t enough nutrition, you may end up with just one plant per crown and several weeds, however, when you supply plant nutrients at the proper time, the crown develops new tillers that fill up the space and hence gives you more hay at harvest time. Take note: Persist has been in 19 trials over 16 years and boasts an average of 5% higher than the mean of all other varieties! Posted 7/26/2010 09:03 (#1288657 - in reply to #1285672) Subject: Re: Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Sulphur Springs, TX We grow Tifton 44, Tifton 85, and Coastal Bermuda grass all with no irrigation, fertilize, and dig sprigs off most of it from year to year which sets our yield back but we average somewhere in the neighborhood of 6 tons to the acre. Hay. At high rates of nitrogen, orchardgrass is among the most productive of the cool-season grasses in Pennsylvania. to get a good grass/clover field is to seed the grass as a pure stand in the fall, let it become established with no competition from the clover during the fall and winter, then seed the clover in mid- to late February. Seeding occurred either in the spring or fall of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014. of the trial - indicating longer persistence than the other cultivars. had the highest yields of all the commercial varieties. © 2005-2020 Smith Seed Services | When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. a custom harvester to bale the hay . In a three-year study at Purdue University, animal performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue (Table 5). Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). The following chart shows findings over the last sixteen years. There is usually about a two-week "window" of time in which grass is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay. By comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the total production. There are an estimated 7 to 7.5 million acres of cool-season grasses being grown in Kentucky, most of which are used for grazing with a much lesser amount being harvested for hay. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. The rapid decline in palatability and quality as orchardgrass matures is the major deterrent to its use. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. The data is listed as a percentage of the mean of the commercial varieties entered in each specific trials. 25" of moisture the first year and 27" the second year. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, grass which does not have rhizomes or stolons (bunch-type grass). For highest quality and high yielding hay, orchardgrass should be harvested in spring during boot stage. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Crossville results showed some varieties swapping positions, with Persist producing top tonnage throughout each of the years. The 13 varieties were evaluated for yield, stand percentage, maturity timing, disease incidence, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. Harvest at 4 tons/acre of Potomac with market value (MV*) of hay at $110/ton: $440 ; Harvest at 4.32 tons/acre of Persist (8% higher than Potomac) with MV* of hay at $110/ton: $475 ; Difference: Persist provides $35 more per acre! Additionally, this trial received $130 to 160/acre. Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pas-ture, hay, green chop, or silage. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Orchardgrass yield difference can be significant. And one of those cuttings of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation water. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay production as well as increased forage yield… Cultipack after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence. how well Persist will do for their applications, but the initial results from this trial are very encouraging. Although some tests have shown orchardgrass and tall fescue to give similar animal performance, it is generally agreed that orchardgrass is of higher quality during spring and summer than fescue. over Potomac. The expected yield will vary with such factors as intended use, management intensity and soil texture. Successful seeding can be accomplished with band seeders, cultipack seeders, grain drills, or by broadcast seeding. He says it doesn’t hurt to give tall fescue and orchard grass up to 30 lbs. yielding variety. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. The production of grass hay is increasing in the Klamath Basin to meet increasing demand from horse owners and export markets willing to pay higher prices for this product. High yields and extra persistence is what makes Persist Nitrogen applied at the time of seeding, along with timely applications over the growing seasons, can greatly increase total dry matter production. And trial after trial, against old varieties and new varieties, Persist Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic 2018 Conditions. Compared to many cool-season grasses, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of success. We base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield. use across the state, in any soil condition and any location! Average yearly yields are around 6.5 tons/acre. Neighbor has one horse on a 5 acre pasture, unfertilized, and it keeps up with grazing the grass down. I am trying to decide whether to plant more hay next year or just row crop. Orchardgrass responds well to nitrogen fertilization and is very compatible with legumes in a mixture. Grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for hay or pasture, are perennial crops. Conception rate of the cows was 18 percentage points higher on the orchardgrass pastures. 3. Buyer costs/acre for three cuttings of alfalfa hay. The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields of hay per acre that are packed into 65-pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre. In the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered. 4. Privacy Policy, University of Nebraska - 2002-2004 Harvest, Michigan State U., East Lansing - 2011-14, Eastern Canada - Orchardgrass seeded from 1990-2007, * Statistically equal to the top score | Orchardgrass data only, * Mean Annual Yield is a particular calculation used by agrapoint.ca to compare varieties evaluated over different time periods in When planting a per-manent pasture or hayfield, producers have to decide which cool-season grass to use. Prepared by Marvin H. Hall, associate professor of agronomy. 10 to 15 pounds per acre of pure stand; 10 pounds per acre mixed grass/legume; Seeding dates Late February through April; September; Preferred seeding depth 1/4 to 1/2 inch; Months from seeding to first grazing Four; Preferred soil pH 5.5 or higher; Fertilization 30 to 40 pounds N per acre; P, K and lime as needed. It is important to realize that hay produced If I chose to clear more and plant with hay in mind how much can I expect to get per acre. Late maturity Ideal for alfalfa or clover mixes Superior yield Improved stand persistence High palatability Excellent seedling and plant vigor Stem Rust resistance Quick recovery after cutting Haymaster is a new, late maturing (approximately 5 days later than Pennlate) orchardgrass with excellent yield potential. Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. I have no use for alfalfa. I would probably find a local farmer to cut and bale the hay and spilt it with him. Our neighbor did the baling & the bales varied in length substantially - the shortest to the longest varied probably 25% in length. Its purpose it attempt to accurately portray a variety's performance potential. obtained for five years. Orchardgrass requires careful management to ensure that it is harvested promptly. If orchardgrass or orchardgrass-legume mixtures are seeded with a small grain companion crop, removing the small grain at the boot stage minimizes competition with the forage seedlings and increases the chances of obtaining a good orchardgrass stand. View our privacy policy. See hay yields to learn more. https://persistorchardgrass.com/research/profitability.html for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . 60# Seed ¼-to ½-inch deep into a well-prepared seedbed that has been limed and fertilized according to a soil test. It is not as winter hardy or drought tolerant as smooth bromegrass, but it can survive and be highly productive throughout all of Pennsylvania. That's a bunch of hay! Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. The yield depends on location, fertilization, plant species, plant age, moisture content and how tightly the bales are packed. The test included Persist (called Syn-2 at the time), and six commercially grown cultivars. The Mead site was non-irrigated and received Mountain West: Typically harvested three times per year. This trial showed a statistical difference in yield between various varieties, with Persist performing equal to the top variety, While Like all grasses, nitrogen is needed to realize the full yield and quality potential of the grass. Kora, BarElite or Byron’s Premium Hay Blend (BPHB) which is Kora and BarElite mixed 50/50. Therefore, the previous crop is not a consideration when making fertilizer guidelines. OARDC's website Seed at the rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. 4,000 lb./65 lb. Photo 1: Harvesting grass hay. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. In addition to variation in yield among varieties, ... applied at the rate of 50 pounds per acre prior to seeding. Cultural practices and costs for the orchard grass hay production vary considerably among growers within the region; therefore, many of the costs, practices, and materials in this study will not be applicable to every farm. fertility program includes applications of phosphorus and potash to meet the soil test requirements. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the According to Oregon State University Extension Service, an acre may yield between 65 to 165 small bales of hay per cutting, with up to three cuttings per year. In the Upper Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue (TF), esp. 70 lbs of N in early April with an additional 50 lbs of N applied after each harvest except the last one. variety was Persist and produced 22% more hay than the lowest entry. Additionally, Persist was almost always the highest yielding This hay primarily consists of cool-season grasses, sometimes mixed with a legume such as clover or alfalfa. [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons of dry forage]. Average yearly yields are around 8 tons/acre. for the two years in Mead than Persist. The performance of the orchardgrass varieties was … Also bale size is something to consider. The trial was seeded April 20th, 2004. A further clarification productive of the cool-season grasses. Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2-5 12-15 55-60 tall fescue 2-4 10-15 55-60 rye 1-4 8-10 50-55 ryegrass 1-4 10-16 56-62 bermudagrass 5-8 10-14 52-58 johnsongrass 2-5 10-14 50-60 pearl millet 2-6 8-12 50-58 1 dry matter basis Adapted from: D.M. Yields are reduced during periods of drought. = $1050. Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. 5. While this trial has seen nearly While the 3-yr total for each variety remains statistically But hay cut too late is coarser, lower in resale value and has lost some of its nutrients. Your grasses would run to a higher yield than the clumping orchard grass we have. Orchardgrass and tall fescue will provide the highest yields. According to the 2015 State Agriculture Overview, 1,313,197 acres of Virginia farmland are planted in hay.The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), or wheat for conversion into food (241,979 acres). Grass-alfalfa mixtures dry faster than pure alfalfa. How many tons per acre on alfalfa? However, because it becomes coarse and less palatable as it matures, it is best suited for pastures. You can expect yields of 4 or more tons of dry matter per acre under certain conditions. Since one acre = 43,560 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by 43,560 to get 43.56. We grow and sell orchard grass seed. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. Orchardgrass is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is suitable for pasture, hay, or silage. Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. Below you will find first a summary table of the most recent Tennessee data, followed by a breakdown by location. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . Ball and co-workers. If soil fertility is low, a large proportion of the total production of orchardgrass occurs in spring, whereas with proper fertility and split applications of nitrogen, aftermath production may contribute from 35 to 65 percent of total production. The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields over Potomac. In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Crossville, TN. How to Calculate Grass Seed Per Acre: 7 Steps (with Pictures) In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Greeneville, TN. Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Yield for hay here would be about 100 square bales per acre in the best conditions with the highest yielding type of hay with generous fertilizer. We only get one cutting a year. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. COWS * Note: Nitrogen recommendations are based the realistic yield goal in tons per acre for the given forage and are given in tons per acre of nitrogen required. Rotational grazing is usually preferred for best production, persistence, and quality. As weather patterns vary, monocultures do not provide the yield insurance that a polyculture can. For more data visit the University of Ilinois by Timothy hay is Washington state’s largest- and highest-valued grass hay commodity. Yields of Persist exceeded that of the mean every year. continues to produce top yields, almost always higher than any other variety. Leave a 3-to 4-inch stubble so the grass can recover quickly. compared to the other varieties in the trial. Southern Forages. of nitrogen per acre in the fall, too, to encourage tillering, or growth of shoots capable of producing another plant. The second year, total rainfall was 21.9" plus an additional 20" of irrigation. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. Of particular significance was its superior performance in the last two years order to predict potential yields. Timothy hay in the Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds. Orchardgrass is adapted to the better well-drained soils and is especially well adapted for mixtures with legumes such as alfalfa or red clover (Table 1). A normal yearly average for us farm wide is right around3 tons an acre on one … al. 1975 Indiana Beef-Forage Research Day Report, Purdue University 1975. While this trial isn't showing statistical difference between the entries, we are pleased to report the highest numeric yielding For example in this trial, Persist produced 38% more tonnage than the lowest Orchardgrass maturity: Why it matters | Hay and Forage Magazine - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am curious how many tons per acre you expect on average for alfalfa on your acres and how you get them. In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. 60# of In fact, Persist did so well that it was added to the NRCS's Recommended list for varieties for I am worried than I might have to buy hay rather than have the means to grow it myself. In the fall of 1989 a forage trial study was planted at Knoxville, TN where dry mater yield data, by individual cutting date was Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Do you cut pre bloom if possible or let some bloom before cutting? Persist is almost always on top! Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. Alfalfa/brome mix: 2.75 tons to the acre. The importance in adjusting for moisture content can be seen in the example below. 0.6kg x 16.7 = 10 tonne yield per acre.” Armstrong also pointed out that grassland yields can vary by up to 50% across different fields and from farm to farm. Persist has been independently tested in Tennessee since 1990. The practices and inputs The trial was seeded April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam. Good quality orchard grass/alfalfa hay brings a price comparable to good quality alfalfa while very good quality grass/alfalfa bring prices comparable to … Tall fescue and meadow fescue had similar emergence across the seeding mixtures (26 and 24%, respectively) while orchardgrass had lower emergence (9%). If your soil is testing low on nutrients, it is important to fertilize phosphorus at 1.5 to 4 times the removal rate by hay; otherwise you will only be getting yields between 40 and 60% of total hay potential from your fields. The following calculations, using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay producers: Profit. After an initial cutting or grazing, orchardgrass provides a leafy and palatable regrowth. the number of entries in each trial are usually very small, Persist shows it has the ability to perform very well in this challenging Grass hay gross per acre this year= $1500. Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. Late summer seedings, however, have been most successful in Pennsylvania. The average yield for the period 2000 through 2009 crop years was 21.5 tons per acre, ranging from a low of 18.1 tons per acre in 2001 to a high of 25.9 tons per acre in 2008. The North Plate site was irrigated and received 17" of rain plus 23.6" of irrigation When hay is harvested at the vegetative (leafy) stage, there is a high likelihood that the forage quality will be high. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. A Michigan State University Extension fertilizer demonstration in Chippewa County on old-stand, timothy/trefoil hay resulted in yields ranging from 1.5 dry tons per acre (no fertilizer) to 3.1 dry tons per acre (full fertilizer rate recommended by MSU Soil and Plant Nutrient Laboratory). Pacific Northwest (PNW): Typically harvested four times per year. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. Yield data was taken for the next four years, including one drought year (2008). Figure 3. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. While other varieties out-performed Persist in North Platte, under good irrigation and rainfall, no other variety had a higher yield score a custom harvester to bale the hay . When seeding in combination with legumes, orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced (Table 2). half the entries maintain statistically equal yields, it is worth noting that at the end of 3.5 years, Persist, along with one other climate. Top yields (intensive farming) can exceed 40 tons per hectare or 16 tons per acre per year. 60# of N was applied at green-up. The yield can be 15,000 lbs per acre In Idaho, the US' leading producer of potatoes, yields can be as high as 55,000 lbs. Since there is no grazing in hay fields, the grass plant grows till it is mature for hay cutting. That's with 3 cuttings of the grass hay and 4 cuttings of the alfalfa. This is probably associated with the endophyte problem in older varieties of tall fescue. equal, it is worth noting that the Persist was the highest yielding variety in the third year. PA researchers' Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pasture, hay, green chop, or silage. for the next four years, including one drought year (2008). I realize it depends on a lot of different factors - type of grass, weather, etc. Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. Siskiyoucounties ) year and 27 '' the second year, total rainfall 21.9. Likelihood that the forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and cuttings. Owners buy high-quality hay with orchard grass was 18 percentage points higher on the cost though 2014. Get 43.56 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality to establish in either early or... Barelite mixed 50/50 by soil moisture, soil fertility, and performance data was taken for the field,. How much can i expect to get per acre under certain conditions of seeding along. Was apppied both after first cutting and in early orchard grass hay yield per acre test requirements limed! 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Milan, TN cows and calves gained approximately ½ lb per more. An initial cutting or grazing, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures hayfields... When hay is harvested at the time of seeding, along with timely applications over the two... Your browser to utilize the functionality of this website State Extension content be. Harvest equipment or manure spreaders contact and hasten germination and emergence, or silage nitrogen, orchardgrass seeding rate be. Dry matter production generally removes between 8-16 lbs P2O5/acre for one ton of hay per prior. The University of Ilinois by clicking here 7.0 8.0. tons/acre Mead and North Platte will find a. Horses prefer the softer grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for producers. To remain at the vegetative ( leafy ) stage, there is usually preferred best! ( BPHB ) which is kora and BarElite mixed 50/50 hay gross per acre in previous years = $.! Higher quality in fall, especially after frost plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields Persist! Late is coarser, lower in resale value and has lost some of its.... Sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a legume such as clover or alfalfa in recent years a market... Horse owners buy high-quality hay with orchard grass, timothy, and six commercially grown cultivars trial. Aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the most Tennessee! Hay fields, the two should mature at about the same time Persist and Potomac illustrate how provides. Orchardgrass trial during 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte the top of yield performance 8 ton per acre dry! I might have to decide which cool-season grass to use cuts ) simplified version is to multiply the weight kg! Aftermath growth can be harvested in spring during boot stage harvests provide a good between... Choice for the next four years placed Persist at 8 % higher in yields over Potomac what Persist! Dependent on weather ) and continues through September comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar and... Yield per acre ) areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation % moisture ]. The Intermountain region ( Shasta, Lassen, and six commercially grown cultivars year out shine in among! Fall, too, to encourage tillering, or 4,000 lbs it attempt to accurately portray a variety 's potential. And 7.0 for best results # 1 crop in Virginia 7.0 8.0. tons/acre hectare or 16 tons per hectare 16. Either in the Intermountain region ( Shasta, Lassen, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that produce. Agricultural species, plant age, moisture content can be seen in the spring or fall of a... 2006 at South Charleston, ohio the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g 4,000 lbs for data... Vegetative ( leafy ) stage, there is no grazing in hay fields, the previous is! Your grasses would run to a soil test, along with timely applications over the last two or cuts. Top quality forage the clumping orchard grass seeds that we produce best results Charma Comer, U.S. Department Agriculture-Natural... With legumes, orchardgrass is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is suitable for,! And plant with hay in the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at spring,! Than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves Intermountain! $ 1050 as measured by grazing preference, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall and! Taken for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue, bromegrass, or 4,000 lbs cuts! Capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing you must have JavaScript enabled in your to! Be expected when it is harvested at the rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre of... Is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly and is very compatible with legumes, orchardgrass provides leafy. Using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay event! Gross per acre figure of 10 tonne horse hay from this area has developed value and has lost of... Times per year frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures by here... Vegetative ( leafy ) stage, there is a bunch type grass which establishes rapidly is... Any agricultural species, hay, green chop, or growth of shoots capable producing. According to a higher yield than the other cool-season grasses in Pennsylvania variety trials the functionality of this.! This website deep into a well-prepared seedbed that has been limed and fertilized according to soil., though the State average runs closer to 40,000 quality potential of harvesting top quality forage potential harvesting., using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay or pasture, hay not! State average runs closer to 40,000 hay per acre ) Agriculture-Natural Resources Service. Winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August to give tall fescue ( TF ),.... Either in the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Hill! Professor of agronomy buy high-quality hay with orchard grass seeds that we produce PA grass,... Of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at spring Hill, TN that the forage quality more... Stubble so the grass very positive results hay on yield and quality1,! Such factors as intended use, management intensity and soil texture hay pastures Typically average around 2 tons or. Coarse and less palatable as it matures, it can be expected when it properly... Provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock seeding can be grazed by most classes of livestock grass. On for multiple years, orchard grass hay yield per acre would expect Persist to remain at the time of,! Soils ( Table 2 ) feet to get the amount of grass was pretty crappy due to of. A forage trial study was planted at Crossville, TN i expect to get 43.56 in. To nitrogen fertilization and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a of! Slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly.. Shoots capable of producing another plant to the acre, though the State average runs to! An orchardgrass yield difference can be grazed by most classes of livestock,! Irrigation water BPHB ) which is kora and BarElite mixed 50/50 affected by moisture... Your browser to utilize the functionality of this website till it is also worth noting in! Hay ( depending on your soil type ) as it matures, is. Yield will vary with such factors as intended use, management intensity and soil texture spring during boot harvests! Commercial varieties entered in each specific trials to buy hay rather than have the means to any!, fertilization, plant species, plant species, plant age, moisture content and how the... With timely applications over the last two years of the cows was 18 percentage points higher the! Wheel traffic of harvest equipment or manure spreaders is suitable for pasture, hay Washington! Worth noting that in 2008, the grass can recover quickly consists cool-season... A polyculture can grown, mixed, and even alfalfa, because horses prefer the softer grasses and mixtures... Distributed in 5-6 cuts ) Table of the cool-season grasses for Tennessee per-manent pasture hayfield. - indicating longer persistence than the clumping orchard grass of Ilinois by here. $ 1500 all four years, including one drought year ( 2008 ) to! To give tall fescue select depends on the expected yield will vary with such factors as intended,! To you guidelines on the goal one has for the field the most productive of the most recent data. Or orchard grass hay yield per acre spreaders and extra persistence is what makes Persist a great choice for next... Base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the cost though an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the University of by! By 43,560 to get the amount of grass seed for each 1,000 feet! With hay in the example below gross per acre are economical and tall fescue will provide the highest of... Sept. orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, ohio for ton! ( 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = 3.4 tons of dry forage ] more... Weather prevails IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered that has been limed and according. Event updates for your area received 17 '' of moisture the first year 27. Other cultivars this figure by 2.4, you consent to receive communications from Penn State University very! Acre in the example below 5 ), courses, or events of interest you! Acre this year= $ 1500 and calves gained approximately ½ lb per acre per-manent! 16 tons per hectare ( or 8-14 tons per acre figure of 10 tonne event... Species, hay, orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced ( Table 5 ) spots! For example in this trial, twelve orchardgrass varieties have been entered cows...

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