western characteristics of self


western characteristics of self

Thousands of journal articles and books on the topic make the question ever more complex and confusing. [1] William James discussed many different selves, including the self as knower vs. the self as someone to be known by others. A sense of self is intimately connected to memories of past experiences. Like Buddha and David Hume, I too believe that everything is impermanent, including ourselves. Like Buddhism, Hume believed that “because everything is in flux, there is not even an enduring self” (Velasquez 105). If you think the question “what is an emotion?” is complicated, you ain’t seen nothing until you’ve looked at the science of "the self." In other words, it assumes that we humans are selves that endure through time” (Velasquez 96). Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. Assistant Professor. In the end, I feel that David Hume and the Buddha’s views on illusionary nature of ‘the self’ are more rational and realistic. Also kicked with all the middle class types the country has to offer. In many societies, however, adolescence is often equated with puberty. … The self is experienced subjectively and can be viewed objectively. These were social roles (external or objective aspects of oneself such as son, teacher, friend) and personality traits (internal or affective aspects of … [4][5] But then there are others who have always maintained that the self is not special in mental or neural terms. So, despite the many mental and physical changes that may occur during our life, we are essentially the same ‘self’ throughout our many developments. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. April 2, 2017. Even the cells and carbon atoms that make up our bodies change repeatedly. All of the “traits” listed can be attributed to any nationality. Western cultureis an incredibly broad term used to describe the social norms, belief systems, traditions, customs, values, and so forth that have their origin in Europe or are based on European culture. Many psychologists consider the self to have a special status in the brain, first within a dedicated region, and then a dedicated network. In. Thus, how could I be an ‘enduring self’ when every few seconds the thoughts in my head are changing? Hume “argues that all real knowledge is based on what we can actually perceive with our senses” (Velasquez 104). "Self-referential processing in our brain—a meta-analysis of imaging studies on the self. Some scientists believe that a self has an essence, whereas others who believe that the self is a momentary representation derived from a population of possible representations (i.e., population thinking); so too with emotion. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. "The self as a memory system: Powerful, but ordinary. Everyone is either in “survival” mode or “hater” mode, to the point that no one seems to be genuine. For example, see Baumeister, Roy F. 1998. The Enlightenment thinker David Hume had a somewhat similar idea, in the sense that he too believed there is ‘no self’, and that what we think of as a ‘self’ is just an illusion. I would say that the idea of a ‘self’ is just a notion that has been mentally created in order to give ourselves a feeling of identity and purpose. ", How Emotions are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain, http://how-emotions-are-made.com/w/index.php?title=Western_views_of_the_self&oldid=7290. Anthropology at Brandeis University, Waltham, MA. The European philosophers Plato, Descartes, and Locke all believed in an ‘enduring self’, however what exactly constituted this ‘self’ was varied. The following are broad characteristics that can be ascribed to postmodernism. Every time you fail to feed the needs and desires of your fictional self (which comes from the standards created by you, your loved ones, or your reputation), you suffer. Previous research has established reliable differences in personality traits across countries. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. An important characteristic of the Western genre is the setting. This is a very controversial subject to go through, but I'll do my best to make it short. What does Western psychology have to say about the self? Mentally and physically we are constantly changing, so I think that the idea of an ‘enduring self’ is nothing more than a mystical, idealistic concept. The concept of a ‘soul’ is often the most popular representation of an ‘enduring self’, because according to western belief, a soul is “immaterial or spiritual” (Velasquez 100), thus a ‘soul’ is beyond the physical realm and not subject to change like material objects. But here it’s way more negative traits than positive. Murray argues that anthropologists have constructed a “monolithic” vision of “Hegemonic Western Tradition,” which they then contrast with their own work. Many years later, the philosopher Descartes stated that “thinking is an attribute of the soul” and that “the continuity of his thinking mind [is what] makes him remain the same person” (Velasquez 100). Some of the most prominent characteristics of Western culture are individualism, Christianity, democracy, freedom of speech, human rights and sports. On Forgetting David Hume. In particular, he is concerned with anthropological writing about the “Western” notion of a “transcendent self” against which the rest of the world’s cultures are judged. On the surface, this appears to be nihilistic teaching . The self-concept is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about, evaluates or perceives themselves. Everything is in a constant flux of change and impermanence, thus, the ‘enduring self’ cannot exist, because an ‘enduring self’ would imply something that is ‘permanent’ or ‘unchanging’. An example given by academic scholars is how Confucius' analects deal with both the inner and outer life of a person (holistic) while Aristotle's works emphasize how one should conduct one's self to live well among others (fragmentary). Search for more papers by this author. A sense of self is intimately connected to memories of past experiences. For example, right now I’m typing this essay, but the thoughts in my mind at this very moment are different from the thoughts in my mind a few seconds ago. How East and West think in profoundly different ways - BBC … The Western concept of self as a bounded, unique,more or less integrated mmotivational and cognitive universe, a dynamic center of awareness, emotion,judgement and action. The World Health Organization defines an adolescent as any person aged 10 to 19. Personally, I find the Eastern tradition (along with Hume’s views) to be more compelling. Self-actualized individuals value their privacy and enjoy solitude. This contrasts with collectivist cultures where characteristics like being self-sacrificing, dependable, generous, and helpful to others are of greater importance. Imaging research reveals the same networks are important both for the self and for emotion. Western culture tends to identify the the self with “ego”. The self is experienced subjectively and can be viewed objectively. The first one to be discussed is individualism, a characteristic that is the opposite of Eastern Culture which is a …show more content… Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. He made many distinctions, two of which we can easily recognize as important: the “me” vs. the “I.” James wrote about three types of "me”s" (or objective selves) — material (the body), social and spiritual. Personally, I intend to examine the two different views and state my thoughts. As Monotheistic.. as Materialistic and Rationalistic, Anthony G., and Martha J. Farah previous has... There is no agreed upon definition of the best traits in the untamed,... Their ancestors remained intact and is still applied up to this time but here it ’ memory... Etc. edited on 4 March 2017, at 14:59 differences in personality traits across.! 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