centrifuge definition medical


centrifuge definition medical

(09 Oct 1997) Lexicographical Neighbors of Centrifuge It works by causing denser substances and particles to move outward in the radial direction. Centrifugal force is ubiquitous in our daily lives, but is it what we think it is? Learn more. There are two kinds of ultracentrifuges, the preparative and the analytical ultracentrifuge. A centrifuge is a rotating vessel in which a solid is separated from a liquid or in which liquids of different densities are separated. One day it may even provide artificial gravity for space ships and space stations. The main component of a centrifuge is the rotor, or drum, which spins about its own axis at high speed. centrifuge (sĕn`trəfyo͞oj), device using centrifugal force to separate two or more substances of different density, e.g., two liquids or a liquid and a solid. Effectively, the centrifuge substitutes a similar, stronger, force for that of gravity. A machine that separates substances of different densities by rotating them at very high speed. cream from milk) or liquids from solids. Ultracentrifuge definition, a high-speed centrifuge for subjecting sols or solutions to forces many times that of gravity and producing concentration differences depending on the weight of the micelle or molecule. 1. : a high-speed centrifuge able to separate out colloidal and other small particles and used especially in determining the sizes of such particles or the molecular weights of large molecules ultracentrifuge Centrifuges are most often used to separate different liquids and solid particulates from liquids, but they may be … An apparatus by means of which particles in suspension in a fluid are separated by spinning the fluid, the centrifugal force throwing the particles to the periphery of the rotated vessel. 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A perforated A centrifuge is a machine that uses centrifugal force. a machine used for centrifugation. Transmitting nerve impulses away from the brain or spinal … All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. 2. efferent (def. There are different types of centrifuge used for the separation of different molecules, but they all work on the principle of sedimentation. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. fuge (sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′) n. 1. centrifuge: Dictionary/thesaurus [home, info] Art (1 matching dictionary) Centrifuge: Epicurus.com Wine Glossary [home, info] Computing (1 matching dictionary) centrifuge: Encyclopedia [home, info] Medicine (2 matching dictionaries) centrifuge: online medical dictionary [home, info] centrifuge: Medical dictionary [home, info] human centrifuge A device that accommodates a human subject being rotated while suspended from a long arm. fuge (sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′) n. 1. [ cen´trÄ­-fÅ«j] 1. to rotate, in a suitable container, at extremely high speed, to cause the deposition of solids in solution. centrifuge. This is achieved by spinningthe fluid at high speed within a container, thereby separating fluids of different densities (e.g. 16000 RPM High Speed Lab Laboratory Benchtop Centrifuge Lab Medical Practice Centrifuge 1.5ml x 12 Working Capacity with Timer and Speed Control. 1. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. A centrifuge in a medical laboratory rotates at an angular speed of {eq}\displaystyle 3500 {/eq} rev/min. Abstract. 2. Zhou, in Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation, 2012. centrifuge (sĕn`trəfyo͞oj), device using centrifugal force to separate two or more substances of different density, e.g., two liquids or a liquid and a solid. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. It is used to investigate the ability of subjects to withstand positive gravitational forces. A laboratory centrifuge is a piece of laboratory equipment, driven by a motor, which spins liquid samples at high speed. The centrifuge consists of a fixed base or frame and a rotating part in which the mixture is placed and then spun at high speed. To rotate (something) in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus. : a centrifuge designed to operate at higher than normal speeds to perform separations impossible in standard centrifuges — compare ultracentrifuge Love words? 2. a laboratory device for subjecting substances in solution to relative centrifugal force up to 25,000 times gravity. A centrifuge is a device that uses centrifugal force to separate various components of a fluid. Denser substances tend to be displaced from … The denser substances are thrown farther outward than the less dense ones. A machine that separates substances of different densities in a sample by rotating the sample at very high speed, causing the substance to be displaced outward, sometimes through a series of filters or gratings. At the end of a washing machine's cycle, it becomes a weak and simple centrifuge as it whirls the water out of your clothes. The centrifuge co 2. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. Centrifuges hundreds of thousands of times as powerful are essential to nuclear technology and drug manufacturing. To submit to rapid rotary action, as in a centrifuge. JIAWANSHUN PRP Centrifuge Machine for Blood Lab Centrifuge Machine 4000r/min 99min with Rotor (10ml x 12, 110V) 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. fuge (sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′) n. 1. The samples are prefiltered to remove particulate material (by definition through a 0.45-μm filter paper) and then placed in centrifuge tubes. The term centrifuge can refer to a machine that houses a rapidly rotating container to separate its contents by density (noun) or to the act of using the machine (verb). An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. At the same time, objects that are less dense are displaced and move to the centre. We see it in the spin cycle of a washing machine or when children ride on a merry-go-round. [v -FUGED, -FUGING, -FUGES] Medical Definition of Centrifuge. 2. 1). A centrifuge utilizes the centrifugal force for accelerating the settling process of … 2. An apparatus in which humans or animals are enclosed and which is revolved to simulate the effects of acceleration in a spacecraft. We experience it when we round a corner in a car or when an airplane banks into a turn. Operated in the manner of a centrifuge. You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s … In a centrifuge, the sample is kept in a rotor that is rotated about a fixed point (axis), resulting in strong force perpendicular to the axis. A laboratory centrifuge is a motor-driven device used in laboratories for the purposes of separating the components of a liquids. The ultracentrifuge is a centrifuge optimized for spinning a rotor at very high speeds, capable of generating acceleration as high as 1 000 000 g (approx. centrifuge. 1. Every centrifuge contains a spinning vessel; there are many configurations, depending on use. \"The difference between centripetal and centrifugal force has to do with different 'frames of reference,' t… Both classes of instruments find important uses in molecular biology, biochemistry, and polymer science. A laboratory apparatus that separates mixed samples into homogenouscomponent layers by spinning them at high speed. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Centrifugation on Discontinuous Percoll Gradients, Centrifuge Processing Development Facility, Centrifuge-Based Flight Environment Trainer. Centrifuge, any device that applies a sustained centrifugal force—that is, a force due to rotation. The … Definition of Centrifuge. See more. A centrifuge can be used to separate cream from milk, or bacteria from a fluid. 9 800 km/s²). In a laboratory centrifuge that uses sample tubes, the radial accelerat… The rapid rotation creates a centrifugal force field of up to 20,000 g in industrial centrifuges or up to 350,000 g in laboratory centrifuges; here, g is … Moving or directed away from a center or axis, usually as a result of being spun around the center or axis. The centrifuge is an essential tool for many aspects of research and medical diagnostics. 2. Medical Definition of centrifuge (Entry 1 of 2) : a machine using centrifugal force for separating substances of different densities, for removing moisture, or for simulating gravitational effects Centrifugation has been used to separate colloids from aqueous solution on the basis of particle size and density. Laboratory centrifuges are widely used in hospitals or other industries where they are used for extracting suspended material from a variety of medium. To rotate (something) in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus. Learn more. There are various types of centrifuges, depending on the size and the sample capacity. 1.18.7.3 Centrifugation. J.L. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Centrifugation definition https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/centrifuging. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. 1. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. 1 : a procedure for determining the ratio of the volume of packed red blood cells to the volume of whole blood by centrifuging a minute quantity of blood in a capillary tube coated with heparin. centrifuge definition: 1. a machine that turns a container round very quickly, causing the solids and liquids inside it to…. The solids then proceed through a centrifuge for further liquid separation. 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Works by causing denser substances are thrown farther outward than the less dense ones that applies sustained! Are used for the separation of different densities ( e.g laboratory centrifuges are widely used in laboratories for the of... In Comprehensive Sampling and sample Preparation, 2012, thereby separating fluids of different molecules, but they all on... That uses centrifugal force by Definition through a 0.45-μm filter paper ) and then placed in centrifuge.! Geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only and then placed in tubes!

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