centrifuge definition medical


centrifuge definition medical

In a centrifuge, the sample is kept in a rotor that is rotated about a fixed point (axis), resulting in strong force perpendicular to the axis. To rotate (something) in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus. 2. centrifuge (sĕn`trəfyo͞oj), device using centrifugal force to separate two or more substances of different density, e.g., two liquids or a liquid and a solid. Every centrifuge contains a spinning vessel; there are many configurations, depending on use. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. a machine used for centrifugation. There are different types of centrifuge used for the separation of different molecules, but they all work on the principle of sedimentation. fuge (sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′) n. 1. : a centrifuge designed to operate at higher than normal speeds to perform separations impossible in standard centrifuges — compare ultracentrifuge Love words? An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. \"The difference between centripetal and centrifugal force has to do with different 'frames of reference,' t… 1 : a procedure for determining the ratio of the volume of packed red blood cells to the volume of whole blood by centrifuging a minute quantity of blood in a capillary tube coated with heparin. In a laboratory centrifuge that uses sample tubes, the radial accelerat… A laboratory apparatus that separates mixed samples into homogenouscomponent layers by spinning them at high speed. The solids then proceed through a centrifuge for further liquid separation. A laboratory centrifuge is a motor-driven device used in laboratories for the purposes of separating the components of a liquids. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/centrifuging. It works by causing denser substances and particles to move outward in the radial direction. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. Transmitting nerve impulses away from the brain or spinal … The main component of a centrifuge is the rotor, or drum, which spins about its own axis at high speed. fuge (sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′) n. 1. JIAWANSHUN PRP Centrifuge Machine for Blood Lab Centrifuge Machine 4000r/min 99min with Rotor (10ml x 12, 110V) 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. Centrifugation definition centrifuge (sĕn`trəfyo͞oj), device using centrifugal force to separate two or more substances of different density, e.g., two liquids or a liquid and a solid. 1). Centrifugal force is ubiquitous in our daily lives, but is it what we think it is? Ultracentrifuge definition, a high-speed centrifuge for subjecting sols or solutions to forces many times that of gravity and producing concentration differences depending on the weight of the micelle or molecule. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/centrifuge. 2. The centrifuge consists of a fixed base or frame and a rotating part in which the mixture is placed and then spun at high speed. centrifuge meaning: 1. a machine that turns a container round very quickly, causing the solids and liquids inside it to…. You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s … centrifuge. human centrifuge A device that accommodates a human subject being rotated while suspended from a long arm. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. 2. a laboratory device for subjecting substances in solution to relative centrifugal force up to 25,000 times gravity. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. A machine that separates substances of different densities in a sample by rotating the sample at very high speed, causing the substance to be displaced outward, sometimes through a series of filters or gratings. Effectively, the centrifuge substitutes a similar, stronger, force for that of gravity. 1.18.7.3 Centrifugation. An apparatus in which humans or animals are enclosed and which is revolved to simulate the effects of acceleration in a spacecraft. At the end of a washing machine's cycle, it becomes a weak and simple centrifuge as it whirls the water out of your clothes. [v -FUGED, -FUGING, -FUGES] Medical Definition of Centrifuge. [ cen´trÄ­-fÅ«j] 1. to rotate, in a suitable container, at extremely high speed, to cause the deposition of solids in solution. It is used to investigate the ability of subjects to withstand positive gravitational forces. A centrifuge is a machine that uses centrifugal force. The centrifuge is an essential tool for many aspects of research and medical diagnostics. There are two kinds of ultracentrifuges, the preparative and the analytical ultracentrifuge. 16000 RPM High Speed Lab Laboratory Benchtop Centrifuge Lab Medical Practice Centrifuge 1.5ml x 12 Working Capacity with Timer and Speed Control. Moving or directed away from a center or axis, usually as a result of being spun around the center or axis. Zhou, in Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation, 2012. To submit to rapid rotary action, as in a centrifuge. "Wind River's collaboration with ReFirm Labs enables our customers to realize the full benefits offered by ReFirm Lab's, CES is equipped with balancing equipment and machine shop services for all, In February 2015, Iran had unveiled an upgraded generation of, The unique 2-in-1-rotor is designed to improve productivity and increase cost efficiencies by eliminating the need to exchange or purchase additional rotors, or even a different, For the customer, this has enormous benefits: operating personnel are quickly able to understand and handle the control units of the, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Laboratory Centrifuge Market Size, Share, Trends and Future Growth Predictions and Forecast 2017 -- 2, REFIRM LABS PARTNERS W/ WIND RIVER ON IOT SECURITY, Centrifuge Equipment Services launches in UAE, Iran Declares Self-Sufficiency in Centrifuge Manufacturing, Laboratory Centrifuge Market to Reach USD 1.74bn by 2020, MarketsandMarkets Predicts, New Thermo Scientific Medifuge small benchtop centrifuge provides versatility within a compact footprint, Eppendorf Announces Promotional Bundle Which Includes: Eppendorf Centrifuge 5424, 3-Pack of Pipettes, and Tips - Available Now at Pipette.com, Centrifuges greatly enhance fluid recycling, Centrifugally Cast, Fiberglass-Reinforced, Polymer Mortar, Centrifugally-Decoupled Exponential Distorted Wave, Centrifugation on Discontinuous Percoll Gradients, Centrifuge Processing Development Facility, Centrifuge-Based Flight Environment Trainer. A laboratory centrifuge is a piece of laboratory equipment, driven by a motor, which spins liquid samples at high speed. J.L. We see it in the spin cycle of a washing machine or when children ride on a merry-go-round. Learn more. centrifuge: Dictionary/thesaurus [home, info] Art (1 matching dictionary) Centrifuge: Epicurus.com Wine Glossary [home, info] Computing (1 matching dictionary) centrifuge: Encyclopedia [home, info] Medicine (2 matching dictionaries) centrifuge: online medical dictionary [home, info] centrifuge: Medical dictionary [home, info] cream from milk) or liquids from solids. This is achieved by spinningthe fluid at high speed within a container, thereby separating fluids of different densities (e.g. Centrifuges hundreds of thousands of times as powerful are essential to nuclear technology and drug manufacturing. 9 800 km/s²). This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. 1. A centrifuge is a rotating vessel in which a solid is separated from a liquid or in which liquids of different densities are separated. The centrifuge co To rotate (something) in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus. Learn more. A perforated : a high-speed centrifuge able to separate out colloidal and other small particles and used especially in determining the sizes of such particles or the molecular weights of large molecules ultracentrifuge The … 1. We experience it when we round a corner in a car or when an airplane banks into a turn. Definition of Centrifuge. An apparatus by means of which particles in suspension in a fluid are separated by spinning the fluid, the centrifugal force throwing the particles to the periphery of the rotated vessel. Both classes of instruments find important uses in molecular biology, biochemistry, and polymer science. Operated in the manner of a centrifuge. The ultracentrifuge is a centrifuge optimized for spinning a rotor at very high speeds, capable of generating acceleration as high as 1 000 000 g (approx. See more. Laboratory centrifuges are widely used in hospitals or other industries where they are used for extracting suspended material from a variety of medium. A centrifuge can be used to separate cream from milk, or bacteria from a fluid. One day it may even provide artificial gravity for space ships and space stations. Medical Definition of centrifuge (Entry 1 of 2) : a machine using centrifugal force for separating substances of different densities, for removing moisture, or for simulating gravitational effects (09 Oct 1997) Lexicographical Neighbors of Centrifuge Centrifugation has been used to separate colloids from aqueous solution on the basis of particle size and density. 2. Centrifuge, any device that applies a sustained centrifugal force—that is, a force due to rotation. There are various types of centrifuges, depending on the size and the sample capacity. 2. Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. The denser substances are thrown farther outward than the less dense ones. The rapid rotation creates a centrifugal force field of up to 20,000 g in industrial centrifuges or up to 350,000 g in laboratory centrifuges; here, g is … An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. 1. centrifuge. 1. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. 1. moving away from a center. The term centrifuge can refer to a machine that houses a rapidly rotating container to separate its contents by density (noun) or to the act of using the machine (verb). At the same time, objects that are less dense are displaced and move to the centre. The samples are prefiltered to remove particulate material (by definition through a 0.45-μm filter paper) and then placed in centrifuge tubes. A centrifuge in a medical laboratory rotates at an angular speed of {eq}\displaystyle 3500 {/eq} rev/min. centrifuge definition: 1. a machine that turns a container round very quickly, causing the solids and liquids inside it to…. 2. Denser substances tend to be displaced from … A centrifuge is a device that uses centrifugal force to separate various components of a fluid. A machine that separates substances of different densities by rotating them at very high speed. fuge (sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′) n. 1. Centrifuges are most often used to separate different liquids and solid particulates from liquids, but they may be … 2. efferent (def. Abstract. A centrifuge utilizes the centrifugal force for accelerating the settling process of … Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Centrifugation on Discontinuous Percoll Gradients, Centrifuge Processing Development Facility, Centrifuge-Based Flight Environment Trainer.

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